ppp Concept for Health and Safety of Women in Urban Construction Sample Essay

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Vulnerability of Construction Workers of Bangladesh to Occupational Hazards •Each twelvemonth 11. 700 workers die in Bangladesh in work-related accidents. another 28. 600 dice from industrial diseases and 8. 9 million suffer work-related hurts. ( Beginning: Bangladesh Decent Work Country Program: ILO 2005 )

Industrial and Service Sectors of Bangladesh: Bangladesh Worker Safety Programme study 2007 )

• About 50 per cent of the entire workplace deceases in the state take topographic point in the building sector ( Source: Workplace Deaths in the

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In 2008: – a sum of 284 separate incidents resulted in 320 deceases – about one fifth of the reported deceases ( 70 ) took topographic point in Dhaka territory – though there were ample Numberss reported in Chittagong ( 44 ) . Jessore ( 20 ) and Narayangang ( 15 ) Gazipur ( 13 ) . and Commilla ( 11 ) – merely 20 of the 320 workers who died were adult female – 6 % . – the building sector had the highest figure of deceases ( 120 ) – which was 38 % of the sum. sector. -the most common causes of deceases was ‘electrocution’ ( 122 ) and ‘falls from heights’ ( 51 ) .

2007 Sector Nos % Nos

2008 % of entire

Construction Manufacturing Service Agriculture Total

103 68 51 N/a 222

46 % 31 % 23 % N/a

120 94 91 15 320

38 % 30 % 29 % 5 %

District Dhaka Chittagong Jessore Narayanganj Gazipur

2007 38 % 15 % 1 % 8 % 5 %

2008 20 % 13 % 6 % 3 % 4 %

( Beginning: Report published on 17 May 2009 by the Centre for Corporate Accountability’s jointly undertaken by Bangladesh Worker Safety Programme ( BWSP ) Bangladesh Occupational Safety Health and Environmental Programme ( OSHE ) and Bangladesh Institute of Labor Studies ( BILS ) . )

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Factors Lending to Occupational Death. Injuries and Illness Accidents and Injuries – deficiency of apprehension of and attachment to safe working processs as in ergonomic considerations ( safe bounds /guidelines for lifting and other organic structure motions. proper usage of tools. usage of decently maintained tools ) – Nonuse of Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE ) and Personal Protective Clothing ( PPC ) Illness – Lack of entree to occupational Health Services – Lack of entree to safe imbibing H2O – Lack of entree to Sanitary Facilities 10. 01. 2013 Seite 4

Underliing Constraints to Poor Occupational Health and Safety of Construction Workers • Lack of entree to OHS preparation and instruction • Lack of organisation wellness and safety policy. construction. and direction system • Lack of or hapless authorities policies and enforcement of OHS measures •Lack of consciousness among the employers ( builders/contractors ) of the importance of workplace wellness and safety • Lack of entree to guidance on how to develop and implement OHS criterions and betterment programs • Poor safety civilization 10. 01. 2013 Seite 5

Womans in the Construction Trade
• In Bangladesh. of the entire 49. 5 million work force. 12. 5 million ( 25. 25 % ) are adult females • Construction sector employs ~ 1. 5 million ( ~3. 5 % of the sum ) work force. of which 6. 8 % is adult females. ( Beginning: Labor Force Survey 2005-06: International labor organization ) • As Increasing ( 5-7 % per twelvemonth ) figure of adult females enter the building trade. concerns about their wellness and safety are turning • There are safety and wellness issues specific to female building workers

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OHS Issues Specific to Women Workforce in Construction Sector Hostile Workplace Culture ( marked by the following ) that result in low occupation satisfaction and psychological and physiological wellness symptoms and workplace hurts: Issues: •Anti-woman attitudes are widely prevailing in building sites from their malecounterpart •Sexual torment in assorted signifiers runing from being stared at. obscene gestures. unwanted sexual comments to being touched in sexual manner and sexual assault. Lack of or Improper Sanitary Facilities ( as explained below ) consequence in Common ailments/diseases and peculiarly urinary piece of land infection: Issues: • Temporary Facilities are normally unisex. frequently without privateness and by and large non good maintained •Sometimes there are no healthful installations available for adult females to utilize •Women avoid imbibing H2O on the occupation put on the lining heat emphasis and other wellness jobs

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OHS Issues Specific to Women Workforce in Construction Sector Contnd… . . Lack of Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing can do serious safety and wellness hazards for adult females Issues:

• Most tools. equipment and vesture ( like work places. helmets and baseball mitts ) are non designed for women’s build. • Poor tantrum compromises the protection offered by the garment or equipment. For illustration. excessively big baseball mitts impair the transportation of centripetal informations from the manus. ensuing in inordinate force being applied.

•Tools and stuffs are frequently designed to be used by average-sized work forces • Women’s size and organic structure build require reconsideration of techniques for raising and material handling 10. 01. 2013 Seite 8

Lack of Ergonomic Considerations appropriate to women’s size and organic structure consequence in work-related musculoskeletal upsets Issues:

OHS Issues Specific to Women Workforce in Construction Sector Contnd… . . Issues •Inadequate Information on the extent to which female building workers are exposed to reproductive wellness jeopardies • US Department of Health and Human Services ( DHHS ) . National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ( NIOSH ) recognizes that – “ Physical and biological agents in the workplace that may impact birthrate and gestation results are practically uncontrived. The insufficiency of current cognition coupled with the ever-growing assortment of workplace exposures pose a potentially serious public wellness job. “

Lack of appropriate response to jeopardies: possible reproductive

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Rationale for iPPP aiming Construction Workers
• Construction sector contributes to the melody of 9. 2 % of GDP 70 % of the workers are informal labour that are denied just entree to primary health care and occupational wellness attention services •Bangladesh Building Code 2006 has few commissariats that deal with OHS criterions for the building sector. but there is no statutory demand on portion of the employers for adult females workforce in building sites. •The big informal work force constitute an ideal mark for improved proviso of PHC services and mainstreaming of steps to forestall HIV/AIDS and other infective diseases •In line with recent articulation call to action of the UN Secretary General to put on bettering wellness attention services aiming adult females and kids. 10. 01. 2013 Seite 10

Scope of the proposed iPPP
Areas of Intervention: ?Developing and pretesting a comprehensive wellness attention proviso aiming urban building workers that combines basic occupational health care and primary wellness attention into one incorporate bundle. ?Introduction of gender antiphonal occupational wellness and safety steps for urban building workers of Bangladesh. Public Partner ( s ) : Ministry of Labor and Employment. Respective City Corporation Private Partner ( s ) : REHAB. Imarat Nirman Sramik Union Bangladesh. MNCs in in the value-chain of building sector. e. g. cement. Steel. Civil Society Partner: Bangladesh Workers Safety Programme ( BWSP ) of CCA Scope of the Pilot: Workers in one private sector building site and one public building site to be selected in audience with Partners.

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