Previous research found that child marriage is widely prevalent in Pakistan mainly affecting young girls in rural low-income education households

Previous research found that child marriage is widely prevalent in Pakistan mainly affecting young girls in rural low-income education households; a growing number of adolescents are out of schools; substantial progress has been made in reducing the prevalence of child marriage, since it is recognized as a violation of human rights. (Ferreira & Kamal 2017; Godha, Hotchkiss, Gage 2013; Nasrullah, Zakar, Zakar, M., 2014). In addition, Godha et al, (2013) emphasized that “early marriage has been associated with several adverse social outcomes.” Nonetheless, women married as children have reported to suffer more violence from their husbands and in-laws compared to those married as adults (pg.553). The act of partner violence against young women is prevalent…in 79% of violent cases the husband is the perpetrator with the majority of victim being poor and uneducated. (Nasrullah, Muazzam, Bhutta, and Raj, 2014). Despite the fact of knowing the negative impact child marriage can have in a women life, little information exists on understanding their experiences. In 2011, Saimi, Rob, and Birgitta noted that young women, particularly those in arranged marriages “have fewer decision-making rights within the marriage” (pg.1). Furthermore, the authors confirmed that arranged marriages occur more frequently at an earlier age in traditional societies…marriages consent from both partners are more common in youth who have access to education…and media exposure (pg. 7,8). Additionally, those who enter arranged marriages are “less satisfied with their marital relationships and face more restrictions from their husbands” (9,10). The authors continue to emphasize that: age, family class, and education are associated with selecting a spouse…and the more say a woman has in choosing her spouse, the greater the spousal interaction will be (7,8). Saimi et al. (2011) also discussed how marriage can shift young women’s lives…they must adjust to multiple changes, particularly for less educated women belonging to poor families where the social pressure to conform remains powerful (pg.2). Child marriage adds a layer of vulnerability on women, leading to poor fertility control…and low maternal health care use (pg. 552). In 2017, Akanksha, Gabriel, and Alice noted that the “age a woman is married, is a crucial issue for public health.” Additionally, the authors highlighted the complex association of age, educational attainment, and society status of women altogether have a great impact on public health (Akanksha,2017, para. 1). Furthermore, Ferreira ; Kamal (2017) noted adolescent of lower secondary school age 12 to 15 years are almost twice as likely to be out of schools…one out of six not enrolled. The authors emphasized the importance of gender equality and how we should empower all women and girl by providing: equal access to education, health care, decent work and representation in political and economic decision-making process(pg.287). To date not a lot of information is available regarding what women who have experienced child marriage think about the issue. Limited research is available in exploring the perceived impact of women married as children and their experiences with controlled behaviors from their spouse. The purpose of this qualitative study will be to describe the impact that child marriage has on these women and their experiences with controlled behaviors from their spouse in Sindh, Pakistan


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