Project Plan Execution
The Project Plan Execution Process ensures that planned project activities are carried out in an effective and efficient way while ensuring that measurements against project plans, specifications, and the original project feasibility concept continue to be collected, analyzed and acted on throughout the project lifecycle. It is important to note that project execution relies heavily on the plans developed in the Planning Phase. There is already enough work to do within the Execution Phase of the project, therefore having to reinvent ways of dealing with risk, change requests, training and resource issues, and other such obstacles to progress are impractical and undesirable. The activities of this phase are shown in the Figure
Figure: Project management execution activities
The execution phase is typically the longest phase of the project. It is the phase within which the deliverables are physically built and presented to the customers acceptance. To ensure that the customer’s requirements are met, the project manager monitors and controls the activities, resources and expenditure required to build each deliverable. A number of management processes as shown are undertaken to ensure that the project proceeds as planned. “Build the deliverables”
Deliverable is a term used in project management to describe a tangible or intangible object produced as a result of the project that is intended to be delivered to a customer (either internal or external). A deliverable could be a report, a document, a server upgrade or any other building block of an overall project In this phase it involves physically constructing each deliverable for acceptance by the customer. The activities undertaken to construct each deliverable will vary depending on the type of project being undertaken. Activities may be undertaken in a ‘waterfall’ fashion, where each activity is completed in sequence until the final deliverable is produced, or in an ‘iterative’ fashion, where iterations of each deliverable are constructed until the deliverable meets the requirements of the customer. Regardless of the method used to construct each deliverable, careful monitoring and control processes should be employed to ensure that the quality of the final deliverable meets the acceptance criteria set by the customer.