Pronto perennials … from seed to bloom in their first year Essay

Pronto perennials … from seed to bloom in their first year After perennials die down, they come back the next year to repeattheir flower show.

But perennials are expensive to buy as plants andare slow to come into bloom when raised from seed. Or are they? Hereare nine that will bloom the first year from seed. None is difficult, although a few have quirks you must deal with.Order seed now from your favorite catalog and sow as soon as possible ina commercial or sterilized soil mixture in a cool, bright place indoors.(Most germinate best at 65| to 70|.) When the seedlings have two pairsof true leaves, transplant them to give them root room, and set them outas soon as the soil begins to warm in late winter or spring. Anthemis tinctoria “Kelwayi’. Golden marguerite.

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Long-stemmed yellow daisies on 2- to 3-foot plants. Chrysanthemum coccineum (Pyrethrum roseum). Painted daisy.

Pink,white, or red daisies on 2- to 3-foot plants. Chrysanthemum morifolium. Florists’ chrysanthemum.

Manycolors, sizes, shapes. Seeds are tiny, and delicate seedlings needcareful handling. Coreopsis grandiflora. Coreopsis.

Yellow daisy flowers on 1- to2-foot plants. Do not cover seeds. Delphinium. Sow now and keep out of doors to germinate in thespring, or grow in a cool, bright place indoors to transplant later.

Dianthus. Carnation, pink. Perennial carnations (bordercarnations) and pinks will bloom the first year from seed.

They may beshort-lived. Gaillardia grandiflora. Gaillardia. Showy red and yellow raggeddaisies on 2- to 4-foot plants. Do not cover seed.

Gerbera. Transvaal daisy. Long-stemmed, elegant daisies; tops forcut flowers, but hardy only in mild winters.

Seed must be fresh; do notstore. Salvia farinacea. Mealy-cup sage. Violetblue spikes rise abovegray-green foliage on 3-foot plants. Photo: September bouquet: bronze and yellow chrysanthemums go intoa vase with violet-blue sage Photo: Transvaal daisies are choice for cutting, easy from freshseed

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