PSY 250. The biological and humanistic theories Essay

Week 3 ~ DQ # 3
When do you believe you can see someone’s biological influences? As an baby? As a yearling? As an grownup? Supply a justification for your reply.

Biological influences are difficult to mensurate because as a human you can alter depending on your personal milieus and the influential people in your life. I personally feel that you can be able to see 1s biological influences as an baby because kids at this age have been said to resemble their parents since they are in a clip in demand.

Babies are evidently dependent of their suppliers but if they are influenced in a negative facet you may be able to overrule their biological influences as in their early adolescent life they will expose those important influences that trigger them from their instable infant life. Personality development decidedly has a biological constituent. and that determining Begins at birth.

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Over the class of this week’s readings. I found that really early our encephalons begin to take different forms in growing depending on our environmental experiences. such as being excessively stimulated or being sedentary as we develop from childhood.

Week 3 ~ DQ # 1
What are the strengths and failings of biological and humanistic theories? With which do you hold more?

The biological and humanistic theories both have strengths and failings. Concentrating on nature versus raising. the biological theory suggests that all behavior roots from genetic sciences and is non a merchandise of our milieus or environment. Therefore. it ignores single effects and differences people experience such as how our organic structures react to different stimulations like emphasis and anxiousness. The humanistic theory focal points on the person along with outside influences.

This makes the humanistic theory hard to mensurate. The humanistic attack seems to be a more comprehensive theory in that it focuses on the single alternatively of mensurating a group. While the humanistic attack may be more hard to measure and step. the consequence seems to be more individualised and specific. doing it more alone and accurate. Specificity

Week 3 ~ DQ # 2
What do you believe are the strengths and failings of the biological theory?

Some of the strengths of the biological theory are that specific behaviours can be treated and corrected through the usage of medicine. Using comparings. different species of animate beings can be studied assisting to understand human behaviour. Understanding physiology and how the nervous system and endocrines work allows us to understand the consequence medicine has on behaviour.

Understanding what traits we can inherit can besides assist us understand behaviour. Some of the failings are that it doesn’t acknowledge the cognitive procedure and are frequently over-simplify the physical facets and how they interact with the environment.

Week 2 ~ DQ # 1
What do you believe are the strengths and failings of psychoanalytic theory?

The failings of psychoanalytic theory from a scientific position are that psychoanalytic theory is unfalsifiable. Any sensible hypothesis must be both testable and confirmable. Since psychoanalytic theory can non be proven or disproved. it is unpopular among psychologists today. Psychoanalytic theory is non so effectual for covering with issues. as it does non truly function to offer solutions. Any type of therapy is capable to how each person will react.

What works good for some may non work good for others. The strengths of psychoanalytic theory are that it is based off of the foundation of the person ; what the individual has experienced. learned and grown from during childhood. When specifying personality. there doesn’t seem to be a better topographic point to get down.

Week 2 ~ DQ # 2
What do you believe are the strengths and failings of trait theory? Why?
Harmonizing to this week’s reading. “A trait attack to personality uses a basic. limited set of adjectives or adjectival dimensions to depict and scale individuals” ( Allport & A ; Odbert. 1936 ) .

Since there are 18. 000 adjectives ( most of which could be used to discribe trait theory ) . trait theory should be limited to a little figure to account for a person’s consistences ( Allport & A ; Odbert. 1936 ) . I find that one of the strengths of trait theory is that it supports my feeling that many features of people do non alter.

Merely behaviours change. that is why some psychologists can foretell behaviour. In its more basic signifier. we all can foretell certain behaviours. For case. we know that if a behaviour is met with wages and no penalty. it is likely to be repeated.

Or. if the wages seems to outweigh the penalty. it is likely to be repeated. Allport believed that every individual has a little figure of specific traits that predominate in his or her personality. He named them a person’s cardinal traits ( Heffner Media Group. Inc. . 1999-2003 ) . One failing of trait theory is that its focal point is excessively narrow in that it does non take into history traits such as wit. wealth. and beauty.

Mentions
Allport. G. W. . & A ; Odbert. H. S. ( 1936 ) . Trait names: A psycholexical survey. Psychological Monographs. 47 ( 211 ) . 171.

Heffner Media Group. Inc. . ( 1999-2003 ) . AllPsych online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //allpsych. com/personalitysynopsis/allport. hypertext markup language

Week 2 ~ DQ # 3
What methods were developed to specify personality traits by “trait theorists” ? How did these differ from the psychoanalytic attack?

The methods that were used were to categorise these traits into three degrees which are central traits. cardinal traits. and secondary traits. Cardinal traits normally dominate a person’s life. so much that the individual becomes known for those specific traits. It has been suggested that central traits are rare and normally develop tardily in life. Cardinal traits are the general features that are the foundation of personality.

These traits are non every bit ruling as central traits and are the major features used to depict other people. With cardinal traits footings like intelligent. honest. shy. and dying are considered. Secondary traits are related to attitudes or penchants that merely look in certain state of affairss or fortunes. Geting dying while talking or impatient while waiting are illustrations of secondary traits

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