The major reason for tropical deforestation is A) governments clearing forests to build cities. B) hurricane destruction of large regions. C) people clearing forests to open up land for agriculture. D) natural succession as global warming occurs. Points Earned: | 0.
5/0. 5 Correct Answer(s): I c I 2. The reason that the pronghorn antelope is not found outside North America is most likely that A) its temperature requirements are stringent and not met outside North America. B) its nutritional requirements cannot be met outside this region.C) there are too many pronghorn predators outside North America.
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D) it has never dispersed beyond this region. Correct Answer(s): I D I 3. The pronghorn antelope of the United States and the saga antelope of the central Asian steppes live in similar habitats and have similar adaptations.
Which of the following features would you be surprised to find in a saga antelope? A) camouflaging coloration B) a digestive tract that separates nutrients from cellulose and rapidly excretes cellulose C) teeth adapted to grinding tough forage D) a warmly insulating winter coatCorrect Answer(s): 4. If you travel from west to east through Ecuador, you will pass through tundra, taiga, temperate forest, and tropical forest. Which of the following climatic factors remains constant on such a trip? A) soil type B) average rainfall C) day length D) maximum temperature You are reading the Journal of an amateur naturalist who visited the Sonora Desert in the last century.
Which of his descriptions of desert plants would you question? A) a late winter hillside covered with wildflowers B) a common annual that produces one large seed per plantC) a plant whose seeds will not germinate unless soaked D) a perennial that flowers only after years of vegetative growth and produces a large number of seeds Points Earned: | 0. 0/0. 5 6. A blue Jay hides hundreds of nuts throughout the fall and finds them throughout the winter and spring.
The blue Jay is most likely finding the stored food by using A) imprinting. B) a cognitive map. C) kinesics. D) social learning. 7. Most of the best agricultural soils in the United States are found in areas that were formerly A) taiga forest. B) tropical rain forest.
C) temperate grasslands.D) tundra. 8. Squirrels on a bird feeder seem to be able to figure out how to steal seeds no matter what people do to prevent it. Yesterday, Jeremy hung out a new bird feeder design, and sure enough, by the end of the day the squirrels found a way to get to the seeds. The squirrels most likely figured out how to get the seeds through A) the use of cognitive maps. B) imprinting.
C) spatial learning. D) trial-and-error learning. 9. Answers to questions about the immediate mechanisms for a behavior are called A) ultimate causes. B) conclusions. C) cognitive mapping. D) proximate causes. 0.
Which of the following environmental factors usually has the greatest direct effect on an organism’s rate of water loss by evaporation? A) barometric pressure B) soil type C) wind D) fires, hurricanes, and tornadoes 11. The dominant herbivores in savannas are A) giraffes. B) gophers. C) antelope. D) insects. 12. Agnostic behavior A) is typically used to determine access to food, mates, or territories. B) usually causes serious injury to one or both of the combatants.
C) is rare among vertebrates. D) increases the number of individuals who mate. Correct Answer(s): I A I 13.A sperm whale in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean is in which oceanic zone? A) estuarine B) intestinal C) benthic D) pelagic 14. A male turkey that imprinted onto a human at hatching is transferred as an older juvenile to a flock of “normal” turkeys. When this turkey reaches sexual maturity, he will probably try to court A) humans. B) male, tamale, or immature turkeys indiscriminately.
C) mature female turkeys. D) immature male turkeys. 15. Based on von Frisk’s work on honeybee communication, which of the following types f information will be communicated to other workers by a honeybee’s “dance”?A) the direction of the nectar source B) the distance of the nectar source from the nearest water C) the quality of the nectar D) the color of the flowers producing the nectar 16. Pecking order in chickens is an example of A) agnostic behavior.
B) alpha order. C) dominance hierarchy. D) mating behavior. 17. Fresh water and seawater mix in a(n) A) littoral zone. B) benthic zone.
C) liniment zone. D) estuary. 18. In which of the following biomass would you expect to find the highest abundance of large, grazing mammals? A) chaparral B) temperate forest C) temperate grassland D) desert 19.
Several primates have been taught to communicate with humans using sign language. This soups rats the view that animals other than humans can learn the process of A) imprinting. B) cognition. C) social learning. D) trial and error learning.
20. Through Which of the following is an example of a fixed action pattern? A) the imprinting of baby goslings on their mother B) the way a graylag goose retrieves an egg that has rolled out of the nest C) habituation in the cnidarians Hydra D) the way female digger wasps find their nests