IntroductionReduction of the amount of energy we use in our homes is a major issue of concern especially to those who are concerned about the quality of the environment we live in.
Reducing energy use not only saves the sum of money we use daily on energy but also saves the environment from carbon emission. If the households will start saving or reducing the energy they use in their homes, they will reduce the aggregate demand for energy hence reducing the cost of producing energy everyday, for example, the cost of running a nuclear power plant. It is on this basis that we are writing this study with the hope that it will help the readers and the community at large to save on the amount of energy they use for the good of the economy and the environment (Amanaka 2009).
Reducing energy use is probably the most efficient way of saving the power cost in the environment. For those who are building,purchasing or renovating, this guide has been developed to enable them design and build a more stress-free home that has less effect on the environment – a residence that will also be more cost-effective to run, healthier to live in and flexible to your changing wants. Our actions and the way we put up our atmosphere are interconnected. Well planned homes achieve best when constructed and used in a way that makes the largest part of their sustainable features. Assume a way of life that minimizes your use of water, energy and resources (Amanda 2009).Activities which we think of as relatively ordinary, like driving a car or warming a house by means of a gas or electric heater, keep on contributing to the discharge of carbon dioxide.
Even though carbon dioxide constitute a small fraction of the composition of the environment , it plays a major responsibility in creating the greenhouse effect, which makes it possible for the atmosphere to catch solar energy and make the earth hospitable to life as we know it. Increased levels of carbon dioxide have been found identified to relate to global warming as well as climate change, and while reduction of carbon dioxide to the pre-industrial levels is taken to be difficult to achieve, any decrease is expected to help slow down climate change and every individual can contribute. The objective of having zero level of carbon dioxide can be arrived at by buying offset credits which have the ability of reducing carbon dioxide by an amount that equates the one being produced. This can allow the atmosphere to have neutral carbon dioxide (Ananda 2008).Reducing energy use is not the same as taking carbon out of the atmosphere – it only reduces the amount of carbon dioxide released (Zainabu 2009).
Dropping the stage of carbon dioxide discharge from our homes will be realized if the following techniques and procedures are being adopted. By reducing the number of electrical equipment and switching off the plug when those appliances are not being used, Choosing smaller appliances which are energy efficient which has low standby power use and avoiding purchases which are not necessary, Minimizing the use of water in the home as it requires power to pump water into the home and minimizing the use of hot water in the home by using non-heated water to wash clothes and reducing the time we spend in showers (Yaya 2004). Energy use can also be solved by use of curtains and pelmets as well as external blind minimize heat loss and heat gains which are not necessary.Using renewable energy sources for heating water, for instance, solar heaters which are very economical as they get their energy from the sun for free. One can also use insulated cooking stoves and cooking pans which do not loose heat by means of conduction. One can also use stoves which use solar energy for cooking (Bulimo 2009).
Though the amount of energy saved can not be precisely quantified-because some of the methods used depends on the personal behavior of the household and the behavior of individuals is not predictable-it will help to save a substantial amount of energy which could otherwise have costed them a huge sum of money. The energy saved can be used in other sectors of the economy like the manufacturing industry which require a lot of power as inputs (Kinuthia 2009). This will consequently lower the cost of power to those industries as they will no longer be competing with households for power and this means that the supply of power will be higher than needed hence its cost will come down.
The effect of lower cost of energy will also be felt in the economy as the low cost of power will help reduce the general level of prices in the economy helping consumers to save more as their purchasing power will go up and they can decide to save the extra money available to them (Kamau 2007). If a nuclear energy plant was to be set up it would have generated a lot of cost to the society than using the money to save fuel use. This is because apart from the economical cost that such a plant could cause to the society, it would also cause a lot of social cost in terms of welfare lost due to environmental degradation resulting from extraction of uranium to be used in the nuclear plant. On the other hand, saving on the use of energy would have brought a social benefit realized as a result of environmental conservation due to non-discharge of greenhouse gases. The economic cost and benefits would be felt within one year but the social costs and benefits would be felt in the long run (Kilimo 2009).ConclusionIt is therefore cheaper in terms of both social and economic costs and benefits to save the quantity of energy used in the homes than to generate more energy using either nuclear technology or any other technology as it will result in a welfare loss to the society due to environmental degradation.ReferencesAmanda, P 2009, Efficient energy use, 3rd Ed, Oxford university press, London.Amanaka, H 2009, Energy conservation, ppl Inc, Sydney.Ananda, K 2008, Energy and the environment, Elite educational publishers, Boston.Bulimo, G 2009, Energy for our homes.6th Ed., Omukurwe educational publisher, Lagos.Kamau, G 2007, Energy for development, Salama publications, Nairobi.Kilimo, J 2009, Resource economics, Royal publishers, Bujumbura.Kinuthia, S 2009, Economics of energy resources, R V ltd, Kampala.Yaya, l 2004, Alternative energy, Real international, New York.Zainabu, M 2009, Energy in our homes, Elimu publications, Dodoma.