Which English do the Canadian prefer, American or British? In the province of British Columbia. 1. Method. Used method is called corpus-based. The sources were found on websites of British Columbia. The language in the texts studied is common and widely known. I have analyzed words used on websites. 2. The problem of spelling. The issue of different spelling emerges, when we consider the history of Canada. The French, who at first arrived to Canada, gave in 1713 their colonies to the British Empire.
That is why Canadians have two home languages. Canada is a part of Commonwealth. The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 54 independent countries, almost all of which were formerly under British rule. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Sovereign. Canada is geographically close to United States and there is an intense exchange between these countries like trade, investments. 3. Method of carrying research.
The subject of research are types of spelling represented in tokens, that can show what kind of English Canadians prefer. I have found examples of British and American English on Canadian websites. I put my figures and examples in a table. Words, which I have found on the websites are underlined. I put in a table words which I have found on Canadian websites and I put its counterparts in British or American English. I counted types and tokens and indicate differences between British and American English. 7. Table 1.
Commerce| British English| Type| Token| American English| Type| Token| a) Food industry/trade| Recognised, centre, standardized, specialised| 2(-ise/re)| 2| Recognize, center, standardize, specialized| 1(-ize)| 2| b) Housing industry/trade| Organisations, subsidised, programme, neighbourhood| 1(-our)| 1| Organization, subsidized, program, neighborhood| 2(-ize/-gram)| 3| c) Transportation| Travellers, clientellelicenced, kilometre, | 2(-ll)| 2| Traveler, Clientele,licensed, kilometer,| 2(-ense/er)| 2| In that fields of vocabulary British and American English have the same number of types.
It’s 5/5. Source: a) http://www. britishcolumbia. ca/fancy-food/Pages/fancy-food. aspx? gclid=CPz_xoOp5rQCFcVY3god4XgAnw http://www. britishcolumbia. ca/Export/About/Pages/IFIOpportunities. aspx b) http://www. housingmattersbc. ca/strategy3. html http://www. bchousing. org/Options/Subsidized_Housing/Apply http://www. welcomebc. ca/wbc/communities/partnering_for_success/success_stories/story1. page c) http://www. gov. bc. ca/tran/ http://www. travel. bc. ca/ http://www. sunsetinn. travel. bc. ca/ 2.
Government| British English| Type| Token| American English| Type| Token| a) town/city administration| Analyse, Advertise,Generalise,Behaviour,| 2(yse/ise/our)| 4| Analyze,Advertize,Generalize,Behavior,| 0| 0| b) province government| Honourable,Labour,practise| 2(-our)| 2| Honorable,Labor,practice| 1(-ice)| 1| In that fields of vocabulary British English has a larger numbers of types (4), and American English has only 1 type. It is 4/1 Source: a) http://www. gov. bc. ca/arr/index. html http://www. fin. gov. bc. ca/BRDO/adverts. asp b) http://www. for. gov. bc. ca/hfd/library/FIA/HTML/FIA2009MR414. tm http://www. pssg. gov. bc. ca/osmv/ 3. Education| British English| Type| Token| American English| Type| Token| a) Primary| Organise,Personalised,Dialogue,| 1(gue)| 2| Organize,Personalized,Dialog,| 1(ize)| 2| b) Secondary| Honour,Programme,Travelling,Analyse,Judgement,| 1(-our)| 1| Honor,Program,Traveling,Analyze,Judgment| 4(gram/l/yze/dg)| 4| c) academic| Centre,Honouring,Licence,Expertise,Practise,| 3(re/our/ise)| 3| Center,Honoring,License,Expertize,Practice,| 1(ense)| 1| In that fields of vocabulary American English has a larger numbers of types (6), and British English has 5 type.
It is 5/6 Source: a) http://www. bced. gov. bc. ca/primary_program/ http://www. bced. gov. bc. ca/early_learning/early_learning_framework. htm b) http://www. sd43. bc. ca/secondary/gleneagle/Pages/default. aspx http://byrnecreek. sd41. bc. ca/school/conduct. htm c) http://www. viu. ca/assessments/ http://www. ubc. ca/ 8. Analysis Canadians in British Columbia prefer using British English than American English, but the difference between using British English than American is not big.
Canadians mix British with American English. General percentage of British spelling in British Columbia is 54% (14 British to 12 American types). In “commerce” category there are 5 types in both British and American English. In “food industry/trade it is 2 British types to 2 American, in “housing” it is 1 to 1, and in “Transportation” it is 2 to 2. The second, rather conservative lexical sector is the government terminology. British spelling occurs in 4 types, while American in 1 types. In “town/city administration” category it is 2 British types to 0 American, in “province government” category it is 2 British types to 1 American). In category “educations” there are 6 American types to 5 British. ( In “primary” category it is 1 British type to 1 American, in “secondary” category it is 1 British type to 4 American types, in “academic” category it is 3 British types to 1 American type. ) It means that in “secondary” category American English is used more often .
Other categories are more conservative, in “primary” category it appears the same number of types in American and British. In “academic” category British English is used more often. 9. Conclusion During my research I found out that Canadians in British Columbia prefer using British English than American English, but in some categories American English is used more often than British English. For example in “education” category there are 6 American types to 5 British types, also in “secondary” category there are 4 American types to only 1 British type.
In general Canadians using alternately both British and American English. In categories related with common and every-day language Canadians prefer using American English, but when it is about government or issues related with formal language they use British English. Canadians using American English in every-day language, because American orthography is simpler than British. 10. Source are mentioned above.