The River Tees is located in North East England. Its beginning can be found in the moorland country of Cumbria. in the Pennine Hills which receives an mean one-year rainfall of 1200mm. The beginning is about 750m high up into the Pennines. The river’s oral cavity can be found in Teesbay. where it enters the North Sea. The beginning shortly turns into a soft watercourse. where the land is chiefly used for sheep agriculture. The drainage basin covers about 700 square stat mis. In the in-between class of the Tees it meanders its manner along the countryside. the river deepens and widens as the river progresses towards the oral cavity. By the clip it finally reaches the oral cavity. the chief land usage is industrial. The river Tees starts in the marshy moorlands in Cumbria. These bogs ne’er dry out. and are capable to wholly unpredictable conditions. for illustration in March it snowed up on the moorlands and the beginning was wholly covered by snow and ice. In the upper class of the river. there is non much discharge. but high speed. and the chief tonss in the river are the suspended burden. which is where atoms are chemically dissolved in the H2O. suspended burden. where the atoms are suspended in the H2O. and the bedload. which is the stones.
There are tonss of reservoirs in the upper class of the river. this is so that H2O can be provided to industrial metropoliss to the E. for illustration Cow Green reservoir. which is really located on the river Tees itself. The upper class of a river is a really good topographic point for a reservoir as the vales are narrow and steep sided they make first-class locations. Rain degrees are high. vaporization rates are low and few people are affected by the edifice of the reservoir. this makes it the perfect topographic point for a reservoir! Merely five kilometers off from the beginning. there is nil crisp left in the bedload. This is due to the high speed of the H2O. doing abrasion. The bedload besides causes scratch to happen. and the downward eroding forms a v-shaped vale. High Force waterfall is besides in the upper class of the river Tees. High Force is 21. 5 m tall and 20 chlorine of H2O base on balls through the waterfall every second. High Force was formed when the river eroded the limestone which is underneath harder stone ( whinstone ) which is harder to gnaw than limestone.
The limestone was eroded and finally undersell the whinstone which finally collapsed. making a gorge. The procedure repeats itself and the waterfall bit by bit retreats. Because of this. no houses can be built near the gorge as the land is unstable. The whinsill may besides be excessively difficult to put foundations on in the first topographic point. although there are besides advantages of holding a waterfall nearby to lodging estates. One of these is that it would pull local touristry. which would intend more occupations for the local community. and another is hydroelectricity. so another land usage near waterfalls are hydroelectricity power Stationss. Another characteristic of the upper class is meshing goads. These are hills that have got in the manner of the river. but the river does non hold adequate power to cut through the hills. so it weaves around them. The land usage on engagement goads would be chiefly livestock agriculture ( sheep or cattles ) . Another kind of land usage in the upper class of the river is cone-bearing plantations. as the conditions enable the workss to turn and gain the proprietors tonss of money!
As you progress towards the in-between class scratch causes the river to go deeper and the channel becomes wider besides as you get to the in-between class the gradient gets less steep. Lateral eroding is more of import in the in-between class of the river. and meanders are a dominant characteristic. The vale has a wide level floor. called a flood plain. widening for 10 kilometers in every way. bordered by soft inclines. The dominant land usage is for cultivable agriculture ; in fact farming area now occupies 95 % of the land. The agriculture is more likely to be cultivable agriculture and milk production as it is easier to utilize the machines on the land. There are more colonies and transport links as the land is easier to construct on. Meanders are the decompression sicknesss in the river. The meanders are caused by hydrocoidal flow ( the H2O travels around the meander like a bottle screw ) . As the river meanders across the flood plain. velocity additions on the exterior of decompression sicknesss. the fastest current is called the thalweg. The thalweg undercuts the Bankss. organizing a river drop. A faux pas off incline signifiers on the interior of a meander crook as a consequence of deposition in the slower streamlined H2O.
The cervix of the meander ( the spread in between the curve. about like a U on its side ) is really thin. When the river floods the H2O interruptions through the cervix of the meander. Deposition seals the terminals of the meander. organizing an oxbow lake. Over clip the oxbow lake becomes colonized by flora. A really outstanding oxbow lake on the Tees really encloses a whole town! This town is called Yarn. Yarn is a good illustration of the colonies and transit links that occur in the in-between class. It used to be one of the most outstanding ports in the state until a span was built. salvaging the fuss of holding to take boats round the many meanders that stood between the sea and Yarn. Finally they decided that they were traveling to alter the class of the river themselves and non wait for the river to unbend of course. so they dug a new channel. which chopped of two whole meanders. merely to salvage money and clip! They created unreal oxbow lakes in the procedure. The chief land usage around Yarn is industrial.
In the lower class. the river is at its widest and deepest which is the most efficient for transporting the H2O. The river flows really fast because it is lined with clay and silt and the bedload has either been eroded. transported or deposited someplace along the class of the river. The ground it flows so fat is because it has really small clash. The staying burden is carried by suspension and solution. The chief characteristics are meanders. oxbow lakes and deltas. There is a broad. level flood plain either side of the river ; this is made up form alluvial sediment ( clay. silt. sand and crushed rock ) . A line of river drops are found at the border of the flood plain. these are called bluffs. Levees are caused by inundations. when there is low flow. deposition takes topographic point on the river bottom. This raises the tallness of the river. When the river inundations. the H2O leaves the channel. as it does this it loses impulse and the heavier stuff is deposited following to the river Bankss. Lighter stuff is carried farther before it is deposited. After there have been tonss of inundations. the river Bankss build up higher and higher.
This is potentially really unsafe. as when there is a inundation this means that the river Bankss are besides higher than the flood plain. so the H2O can non run out back into the river and sometimes has to organize another one alternatively. The land usage now consists of large colonies as supplies are easy to entree and many points can be traded as boats transporting good are invariably coming in and out of ports and seaports in the lower class. Large mills and industrial countries besides dominate the land usage in the signifier of steel plants. chemical workss. power Stationss. oil terminuss and ship edifice paces. In peculiar Teeside has become a major port for many of the natural stuffs needed by these industries. Transport has been developed on the inexpensive land. which is easy to construct on. The alterations that the Tees undergoes in the land usage are really drastic and scope from sheep farming to industrial utilizations to colonies and I think that the phrase used in the picture that we watched in category “Maximum assortment. minimal distance” sums up rather nicely the differences in the land usage on the Tees.