Salvador Dali was born on 11th May, 1904. He is one of the greatest Surrealist artists known. He is considered as the modern master of the twentieth century. The critics call him eccentric genius, a self proclaimed madman. He had lived a life of fame and fortune. Following are the reasons of his success and fame: Surrealist Movement: In his early years, cubism was the most famous art movement. But by 1929 Dali had found his personal style that made him famous – the world of the unconscious that is recalled during our dreams.
It was the time when traditional art was being overturned by Monet’s impressionism and Picasso’s cubism, so the new and unconventional Surrealist movement was at the right time and place to make a real splash. Dali was an influential surrealist who forced others to follow his footsteps. Dali showed the genius of surrealism in such a way that made him famous among the audiences yet a big challenge for other artists. He was hated by most of the artists of his age. Because of Dali if a young artist wished to be famous it was a medium other than surrealism.
His ideas and painting skills were superior to other surrealist artists. Dali was not only notorious for genius of his work but also for his odd behaviour. His distorted dreams were not only expressed on canvas but also in his daily life. Once while giving a lecture in knights’ metal armour, he had his one foot standing in a bucket of milk. His odd acts are often considered as marketing acts. But his art work was so good that it did not need any marketing. Enthusiastic About Displaying his Work: Dali was very consistent in displaying his work.
In 1917, his father arranged a display of his charcoal drawing in their home. In 1919, Dali participated in a group exhibition of the Sociedad de Conciertos in Figueres. He was praised in the local newspaper. In 1921 he designed a poster for an annual festival. In 1922, Dali displayed his works in the Catalan Students’ Association collective show. In 1927, Dali exhibited 21 paintings in his second one-man show. Because of this exhibition, Picasso’s dealer, Paul Rosenberg, expressed his interest in Dali’s work.
Joan Miro and Pierre Loeb visited Dali and were impressed by his work. In 1930, Dali participated in the closing exhibition of the Goemans gallery, alongside Arp, Braque, Duchamp, Ernst, Gris, Miro, Magritte, Man Ray, Picabia, Picasso, and Tanguy. In short, Dali was persistent in getting his artworks networked and displayed. Dali’s Works in Plays ; Magazines: In 1930, Dali’s designs were featured in a play, “The Family of Harlequin”. Also Federico Garcia Lorca opened a play, Mariana Mineda, with set and costume designs by Dali.
Besides creating a number of famous paintings, Dali caught the attention of media by playing the role of a surrealist clown. His art works became a popular trademark and besides painting he played active role in other activities like jewellery, fashion and film making Alfred Hitchcock. They played an important role in his success. Dali aimed at making an image of eccentric genius through his artworks. He worked hard for marketing his work, which is why he is so famous.