Social Realism in Pakistani Tribal Areas in Jamil Ahmed’s “The Wandering Falcon”.
2.Statement of the problem:
This research deals with Social realistic perspectives. The researcher will focus on the culture and treatment of the women in Pakistani tribal areas. Jamil Ahmed is well-known Pakistani author who tried to highlight the social, economic and gender problems in his writings. The main focus of the novel is Social realistic study of the novel “The Wandering Falcon”. It express the culture of Pakistani tribal areas and represents the situation of woman in tribal areas.
Social Realism involves individual, social and cultural changes in all the spheres of life with their intricacies, and nuances: facts about family, the class, the marriage, the school, the politics, the inter-relation, economy, morality, religion, and educational standards. It relates a lot of social readjustments and social maladjustments like unemployment, youth unrest, industrial indiscipline, crime, war and their causes and consequence. Social Realism means the illustration of social reality as it is in literature.There should be a point one to one connection among the society depicted in literature and the real actual society.
Jamil Ahmad a Pakistani civil servant has an implausible sequence of events, become a literary star. He was born in 1931 in Punjab and joined the Pakistani civil service in 1951 — having lived through the tumult of the creation of Pakistan out of Islamic regions of northern India. He did his job in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, the realm where Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan meet, and he fall in love with the isolated tribes and their fading lifestyle.
The Wandering Falcon is a novel in which Ahmad followed Mark Twain’s recomendation to write down what he knows. And what he knows is all the more fiction-worthy for his lived experience among these enduring people, much feared and tiny well-known. This Land is made in natural beauty and ruled by antique traditions and internecine enmity, seems to possess a lifetime’s work for Ahmad. The region itself becomes the tragic leading role of this exceedingly proficient first novel, revealing both its intractably determined character and also the fortunes of the people it crushes in its untiring battle in opposition to modernity.
4. Literature Review:
The researcher will developed her ideas of social realism through the thoughts and models of realism of Mary Ann Evans( George Eliot) and the views of William Dean Howells and Mulk Raj Anand. Social realism is not a new idea or current phenomenon. The writings of Balzac, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao, Henrik Ibsen and G. B. Shaw are the superb and well-known samples of Social Realism in literature. The term ‘Social Realism’ is combination of two words Social and Realism. “Social” is an umbrella term that covers all the aspects like social, political, religious, economical and cultural life of the human beings and “Realism” refers to the ways of depiction the life as it is. Howell describes realism is neither a lot of nor but the truthful presentation of the.
“Pakistani Bride” is one of the factual portrait of Pakistani Tribal Society and their behaviour of women.It describes the endurance battle of the main feminine character Zaitoon. She desires Flexibility from coldblooded Pakistani tribal society where she has been hitched. The novel highlights the real picture of women with connection to tribal conventions.
Traditions for hundred years violent and striking create a rigid structure for life in the wild, astonishing place where Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan meet—the Federally Administered Tribal Lands (FATA). The people who live there are persistently subjected to extremes— of geography and of culture.
“The Wandering Falcon” begins with the story of a young couple, refugees from their tribe, who travelled to the middle of nowhere to escape the vindictive punishments meted upon those who disobey the boundaries of wedding and family. Their son Tor Baz descended each chiefs and outlaws becomes “The Wandering Falcon” the major character who travels all over the tribes, the mountains and the plains, in the towns and tents that include the homes of the tribal people.
Jamil Ahmad wrote a remarkable story of a world of custom and compassion, of affection and cruelty, of hardship and survival, a place fragile, unknown, and unforgiving.
5. Research Questions:
1. What kind of Social Realistic perspectives does Jamil Ahmed present in his novel Wandering Falcon?
2. How does Jamil Ahmed depict women’s Social treatment in his novel “The Wandering Falcon”?
3. How does author depicts the Political, Religious and cultural treatment of women in The wandering Falcon?
6. Research Objectives:
The research is intended to answer to answer the given questions
o To know the social reality of women in Tribal areas as depicted in “The wandering Falcon.”
o To know the Political,Religious,Cultural and Economic situation of woman in Tribal areas.
7. Significance of study:
The research is proposed to interrogate the concept of social realism associated with women in Pakistani Tribal areas in Ahmed’s “The wandering Falcon”. It is also intended to draw attention to the tribal culture and the treatment of women in tribal community with reference to Jamil Ahmad’s novel “The Wandering Falcon”. This research will also help to understand the rules and circumstances of Pakistani tribal society.
8. Research Methodology:
In order to interrogate the social Realistic perspectives with the reference of Females the research will rely and examine the various aspects of Tribal society and its conditions of living.The text of the novel will be analyzed through several characters in different situations created by the author .In order to tackle the problem, the study will be qualitative and descriptive in nature.
Along with analysis of the text of “The Wandering Falcon” other helping material like reviews of different scholars, interviews and biographies of the author will be observed.. The research will depend upon textual analysis in this regard. Further, the researcher will evaluate the texts by keeping in view the critical Social realistic theory.
9. Chapter Division
2. Literature Review
3. Research Methodology
4. Social Realistic Aspects in ‘The wandering Falcon’
o Ahmad, Jamil. The Wandering Falcon New York. Riverhead Books, 2011. Print.
o Akbar, A. (2018). The Wandering Falcon, By Jamil Ahmad. online The Independent. Available at: www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-wandering-falcon-by-jamil-ahmad-2308547.html Accessed 20 May 2018
o Sidhwa, Bapsi (1990) The Pakistani Bride. New Delhi: Penguin Books India
o New Standard Encyclopedia (Chicago: 1980) 89
o Falcon and Ahmad, J. (2018). The Wandering Falcon. online Goodreads.com. Available at: www.goodreads.com/book/show/11297377-the-wandering-falcon Accessed 20 May 2018.