The Portuguese system, on the other hand, was more loosely organized thus less productive. Christopher Columbus was a pioneer in setting up Spanish Colonies. His method was relatively simple. A grid pattern would be marked for a town, a municipal government set up, land would be divided among the colonists and Indians would be assigned to each settler to work on their land. Not surprisingly this system was used wherever the Spaniards went In the New World, as It was an effective show of force.The Portuguese were not as strict In their method of establishing their colonies. The colonists did not all follow the same pattern thus there was a larger margin for confusion among them and it was harder for the Crown to keep tabs on every one.
It as like establishing their own mini colonies, with their own set of rules created for individual needs. This made their colonies somewhat weaker. The Spanish labor systems of encomia and replacement were not entirely successful because the Crown did not fully approve of them or did so grudgingly.However they were more strongly enforced and most if not all the Spaniards used them.
The Portuguese Alden system resembled a combination of the encomia and repartition. Like the uncombined Indians were introduced to Christianity and European way of life in exchange for a portion of their labor which was in turn given o the church or the state. Like the repartition land owners could apply to the administrators for paid Indian workers to perform a specific task for a specific period of time.However the laden system only Included a small percentage of the Indians In Brazil. The rest of the planters hunted to enslave the natives even though the church and the Crown frowned upon this.
Again, individuals forged their own paths to suit individual needs. The declining Indian population, caused mainly by disease, freed up more and more land which the Iberian quickly seized. The Spanish created a three-part legal system o get land that favored themselves and confused the natives.The congregating pushed the Indians into the villages, allowing the Spaniards to take more land; the denunciate required Indians to give legal documentation to their property, something that the ancient Indian traditions were not prepared for, and failure to do so would allowed the Spaniards could seize their land; and the composing was a way of calming land through legal surveys, another Idea that the Indians were and had relatively high value, thus the monarchs were fine with large land holding on heir new territories.On the other hand, Portuguese monarchs were not happy with their land holdings. Most of the land lay fallow and unproductive. The huge estates were poorly managed and not properly cultivated if at all, and much of the food was imported when farmers could easily produce it themselves.
The Portuguese Crown tried with little success to reverse the damage done, but decrees that tried to limit the size of estates Newer brushed off by landowners. They viewed large fields as a sign of high prestige, Neither or not they were developed.It was not until the eighteenth century when the Portuguese began to regularity and better define their imperial administration. Because of their more structured administration, Spain was able to maintain a more effective empire up to that point.
They in a sense had planned for their future by looking out for the good of the entire empire and not Just for individual needs. However well the Portuguese thought they Newer helping, the Spanish had different ideas. Simon Bolivar and General Miranda Newer not the only ones who thought they were undermining the fact that they were being overlooked by the Spanish crown.