Technology is a wide term that refers both to artefacts created by worlds. such as machines. and the methods used to make those artefacts. More loosely. engineering can be used to mention to a manner of making something or a agencies of organisation: for case. democracy might be considered a societal engineering. Technology comes from the Grecian technologia. which is a combination of “techne” . intending “craft” . and logia. intending “saying” . So engineering might be considered the articulation of a trade. The word is besides used to depict the extent to which a society can pull strings its environment.
When the word “technology” is used today. it is most frequently used to mention to high engineering – computing machines. cell phones. projectiles – instead than engineering in general. But when anthropologists use the word “technology. ” they go all the manner back to the controlled usage of fire ( from approximately 500. 000 – 1 million old ages ago ) . the innovation of the wheel ( c. 4000 BCE ) . and beyond. The first technological tools were simple hand-axes made by our hominid ascendants 1000000s of old ages ago.
The earliest technological divisions are from mankind’s early history. divided into the Stone Age. the Bronze Age. and the Iron Age depending on the primary tool and weapon-making stuff at the clip. Each edifice stuff is superior to the 1 before it. but more hard to develop needed metallurgical techniques. The Iron Age began in about 1400 BCE.
Since the preparation of the scientific method in the fifteenth century. technological advancement has seemingly been speed uping. Some engineerings developed since so include the telescope. the microscope. the clock. the engine. the electric generator and electric motor. wireless. atomic power and arms. telecasting. computing machine. and many others.
Technological development continues strongly today. fueled by the multibillion-dollar economic systems of the world’s most comfortable states. The hottest developments in engineering today are go oning in computing machines. nanotechnology. stuffs scientific discipline. renewable energy. amusement. infinite travel. and medical specialty.
Philosophers every bit good as laypeople frequently debate whether or non technological advancement is. on the whole. a good thing for humanity. On the pro-technology side of the spectrum are techno-progressivisms such as Tran humanists. on the anti-technology side are anarcho-primitivists. and Neo-Luddites.
Mass Media is media which is intended for a big audience. It may take the signifier of broadcast media. as in the instance of telecasting and wireless. or print media. like newspapers and magazines. Internet media can besides achieve mass media position. and many mass media mercantile establishments maintain a web presence to take advantage of the ready handiness of Internet in many parts of the universe. Some people besides refer to the mass media as the “mainstream media. ” citing the fact that it tends to lodge to prominent narratives which will be of involvement to a general audience. sometimes disregarding controversial interrupting intelligence. Many people around the universe rely on the mass media for intelligence and amusement. and globally. mass media is a immense industry.
Normally. mass media aims to make a really big market. such as the full population of a state. By contrast. local media covers a much smaller population and country. concentrating on regional intelligence of involvement. while forte media is provided for peculiar demographic groups. Some local media mercantile establishments which cover province or provincial intelligence may lift to prominence thanks to their fact-finding news media. and to the clout that their peculiar parts have in national political relations. The Guardian. once known as the Manchester Guardian. for illustration. is a nationally-respected paper in England which started as a regional daily.
One of the biggest unfavorable judgment of the mass media is that it is excessively topical. When a media mercantile establishment is forced to cover national and international intelligence. it can non turn to legion interesting local narratives because these narratives are non of involvement to really many viewing audiences. For illustration. the occupants of a community might see their battle against development as critical. but the narrative would merely pull the attending of the mass media if the battle became controversial or if case in points of some signifier were set.
Peoples frequently think of mass media as the intelligence. but aggregate media besides includes amusement like telecasting shows. books. and movies. It may besides be educational in nature. as in the case of public broadcast medium Stationss which provide educational scheduling to a national audience. Political communications including propaganda are besides often distributed via mass media. as are public service proclamations and exigency qui vives.
While elitists may be tempted to sneer at the mass media. mentioning to it as the “opiate of the multitudes. ” mass media is a critical portion of human societies. Understanding mass media is normally the key to understanding a population and civilization. which is why the field of media surveies is so immense. Watching. reading. and interacting with a nation’s mass media can supply hints into how people think. particularly if a diverse mixture of mass media beginnings are perused.
Problems of Technology
Protects against Electromagnetic Radiation
Adverse effects on human wellness that have been attributed to long-run EMR exposure include the happening of malignant neoplastic disease. multiple induration and autism. In animate beings the effects include spontaneous abortions. and decrease of milk production in cowss. Surveies at major universities such as University of Southern California. the University of Lauganna. Switzerland. and the University of Warwick. UK have proven the negative impact of electromagnetic radiation on life beings. Recent surveies ( Adelaide Hospital animate being survey. Dr. Lai and Dr. Singh animate being survey at Washington University ) proved that carnal exposure to high frequence oscillations disturbs cellular maps ; making dual strand breakage in DNA. This serious familial change can take to malignant neoplastic disease. As modern engineering increased. so excessively will the happenings of terrible diseases such as malignant neoplastic disease. HIV. etc.
Current Problems in the Media
Poor coverage of of import issues
While the media is busy covering sensationalist narratives. issues that affect our lives and the whole universe receive small attending.
A survey by the Center for Media and Public Affairs found the figure of narratives about the environment on the web intelligence went from 377 in 1990 and 220 in 1991 to merely 106 in 1998 and 131 in 1999. At the same clip. the figure of narratives about amusement soared from 134 in 1990 and 95 in 1991. to 221 narratives in 1998. and 172 in 1999.
“The Undertaking for Excellence in Journalism. describing on the front pages of the New York Timesand the Los Angeles Times. on the ABC. CBS. and NBC Nightly intelligence plans. and onTime and Newsweek. showed that from 1977 to 1997. the figure of narratives about authorities dropped from one in three to one in five. while the figure of narratives about famous persons rose from one in every 50 narratives to one in every 14. What difference does it do? Well. it’s authorities that can pick our pockets. slap us into gaol. run a main road through our backyard or direct us to war. Knowing what authorities does is “the intelligence we need to maintain our freedoms. ”
Large Numberss of Americans give low evaluations to the media for school coverage. For illustration. in a joint study by the Education Writers Association and the Public Agenda. 44 per centum gave “print media with a national readership” evaluations of carnival to hapless. while merely 4 per centum gave a evaluation of first-class. About 84 per centum gave “broadcast media with a national audience” evaluations of carnival to hapless and merely 1 per centum gave a evaluation of first-class. Educators and journalists agreed. Over 44 per centum of journalists rated “print media with a national readership” as just to hapless in their coverage and 84 per centum rated “broadcast media with a national audience” the same.
( Technology )
One must non pass excessively much clip on engineering. or acquire exposed on excessively much radiant moving ridges which can be infections. by making this you can besides salvage more energy and more clip spent on physical activities like exerting. which is good for our wellness. Although engineerings will do our life easier. we still need to see the really fact that excessively much exposure to these equipments is bad for our wellness.
( Mass Media )
Bing in a Mass Media production is a difficult work. though it is a fact that non all intelligence were shared to the universe and non all the intelligence we are right. but worlds are still to fault for we commit our ain error it can non be the engineerings they use. Therefore if we are in a Mass media production squad let’s make our best to give the right intelligence to the right people for giving a false 1 could merely give us nil but shame.
( Technology and Mass Media )
Everyone must cognize how to utilize engineering with great efficiency and the proper usage of it. Using such equipment could give as an border and an easy manner to make things such as making undertaking works. presentations. and others. Technology are good recommended for all. but we must besides be cognizant of over exposure to this things. although it improves our manner of populating their must be a specific clip and bound of use.