The Declaration of Independence has been called the most of import papers in modern history. It has besides been called the “birth certification of America” ( Kullen. 1996 ) Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration in a brick-layered house in Philadelphia about two hundred old ages ago ( Fradin. 2002 ) . This papers told the British King that we wanted to organize our ain state. Some leaders in the State House condemned the Declaration as a roseola and unsafe proposition. Many work forces stood behind it and signed it at the hazard of their lives. The Declaration of Independence inspired many during the American Revolution. It was likely because the events. the history. the clip before were a clip of enduring and many unacceptable actions from Britain.
Many events had occurred prior to the formation of the Declaration of Independence. If the events hadn’t occurred. I believe that the Declaration of Independence wouldn’t have such a strong significance to it. It all started when the British first fought for land and kicked the Gallic out of North America ( Gipson. 1954 ) . This did this by holding a war with them. which was called the Gallic and Indian War ( Gipson. 1954 ) . They thought that taking over the Gallic land would be the last battle that they would hold to confront. What they did non cognize was that if they would handle their ain people with the same mode. they would acquire the same consequence: War.
The Gallic and Indian War was a war that lasted seven old ages between Great Britain and France for control over the land in North America ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The British wanted to spread out their land and travel into the land claimed by the Gallic. The war really began on July 3. 1754. This of import war started because George Washington came to Pennsylvania with a message to acquire the Gallic out of England’s district. but the Gallic merely obviously said. “No! ” One conflict was fought at Fort Duquesne. in Pennsylvania. near the Ohio River where Pittsburgh is today ( Gipson. 1954 ) . This resulted in traveling back to Virginia and stating the governor of Virginia that the French said. “No! ” ( Gipson. 1954 ) . They merely had to coerce the Gallic out because it was their land. “But how? ” was the inquiry ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The Gallic didn’t agree so at that place was a war.
The Proclamation of 1763 was written after the Gallic and Indian War. The Proclamation was a jurisprudence that stated that no more colonists were to come on the Indian’s land West of the Appalachian Mountains ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The British King. George lll. gave this order as an official proclamation or Announcement. The King drew a line on a map along the center of the Appalachian Mountains. from New York to Georgia ( Gipson. 1954 ) . No settlers were to settle West of that line. He proclaimed this because colonists were coming on the Native Americans land. which made The Native Americans ferocious to contend back. The King so sent military personnels to protect the colonists. This announcement besides said that the colonists who were already populating at that place had to travel east ( Davis. 1990 ) . Peoples were really angry and they continued traveling in anyhow. It resulted in Colonial dissatisfaction.
After the announcement Britain started to go greedy. with no money to recover back from the war with the Gallic. They knew that colonists in North America were happy in concern. doing money and Britain wanted a portion of it. They did this by seting in topographic point a Sugar Act. which was a version of the Molasses Act of 1733 ( Fradin. 2002 ) . It put a three-cent revenue enhancement on foreign sugar and higher import revenue enhancements on non-British fabric. java. anil. and vinos ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The British Empire. the Gallic. and the Dutch West Indies were involved. The Sugar Act went into consequence on April 5th. 1764. The British had fought excessively many wars and needed more money. They decided to acquire their money by taxing the settlers. The Sugar Act resulted in the forbiddance of importing of foreign rum and Gallic vino ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The settlements reacted with the meeting of several assemblies and a protest of British revenue enhancement for gross ( Fradin. 2002 ) .
After the Sugar Act. in 1765 King George the Third passed the Stamp Act still seeking to recover money from contending the Gallic and Indian War. The Stamp Act made the settlers pay revenue enhancements on assorted points such as paper. legal paperss. newspapers. other publications. and even playing cards ( Maier. 1998 ) . The Colonists would utilize the casts by seting them on the points listed supra. The settlers didn’t want to pay revenue enhancements so they boycotted British goods until the King repealed the Stamp Act on March 18. 1766 ( Davis. 1990 ) . Though no commissioner was really tarred and feathered. the settlers threatened to make it if the revenue enhancement was non repealed. The King now enraged. wanted an thought that would acquire the settlers back for rebelling.
The Townshend Acts were a British fast one to cut the British land revenue enhancement and revenue enhancement the settlers. The British financial officer Charles Townshend had the thought for the revenue enhancement and the King liked it. The Townshend Acts started in June of 1767 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The act established a board of imposts aggregators in Boston. The money collected from these import revenue enhancements was used to pay the wages of the British colonial functionaries. This made them more independent of the colonial legislative assemblies and more able to implement the British orders and Torahs ( Gipson. 1954 ) . It caused the settlers to be angry. The Townshend Acts called for new import revenue enhancements on glass. lead. pigments. paper. and tea ( Kullen. 1996 ) . In March 1770. the Townshend Acts were repealed except for the revenue enhancement on tea. The Townshend Acts were really unpopular with the settlers. who criticized the Acts and demonstrated by protesting in October ( Maier. 1998 ) . The settlers decided to one time once more boycott all English points.
Following the Townshend Act. the Boston Massacre started when the Boston townsfolk started naming the British military personnels names. The British military personnels got infuriated. Then person called out fire but cipher knew who shouted. The British turned their guns and shooting at the crowd. When the fume cleared. five townspeople ballad dead. One of the work forces that got killed was Crispus Attucks. he was the first African American to decease for American autonomy ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The settlers were angered with the British military personnels. Seven months subsequently in October 1770 Captain Preston was tried for slaying in a Boston courtroom and was acquitted by a Boston jury ( Kullen. 1996 ) . But when the soldiers’ instance came to test the jurymans in their instance came from outside of Boston. They won acquittals a month after the test began.
Many events in Boston. such as the Sugar Act. the Stamp Act. the Townshend Acts. and the Boston Massacre. angered the settlers ( Gipson. 1954 ) . In 1772. a Committee of Correspondence was created during a Boston town meeting called by Samuel Adams. The “Committee of Correspondence” was a group of people who wrote letters that would be sent to the other colonial authoritiess stating them what was go oning in Boston ( Gipson. 1954 ) . Similar commissions were shortly started all through the Colonies. These commissions kept the settlements informed and united in a common cause.
When the Committee of Correspondence was formed the British authorities put forth the Tea Act. which was a revenue enhancement placed on tea by the British Parliament ( Fradin. 2002 ) . This all happened on April 27. 1773. in Boston. Massachusetts. When the British placed a revenue enhancement on tea the settlers were annoyed. The British lowered tea monetary values so no other tea company could vie with them seeking to coerce the settlers to purchase from them ( Davis 1990 ) . Since the lone topographic point settlers could pay a low monetary value for tea was Great Britain. some bought the tea and accepted the revenue enhancements. The effect was that tea would sell at per pound in America. non the hich it had obtained late ( Davis. 1990 ) . This would increase its ingestion to the India Company so it could be helped out of its fiscal troubles ( Davis. 1990 ) . But many settlers bought tea from other states even if they had to pay higher monetary values merely to maintain from paying any revenue enhancements to Great Britain ( Davis. 1990 ) . The Tea Act finally led to the Boston Tea Party in which Samuel Adams led a group of work forces disguised as Indians to Boston Harbor ( Gipson. 1954 ) . On December 16. 1773 a group of work forces rowed boats out to the British tea ships and anchored in the Boston seaport ( Gipson. 1954 ) .
They were dressed as Negroes and Mohawk Indians complete with headbands. hatchet. and face pigment ( Gipson. 1954 ) . Samuel Adams led them. They dumped 342 thoraxs of British tea. valued to be worth more than 10. 000 lbs. into the H2O ( Gipson. 1954 ) . This event came to be known as the Boston Tea Party. In decision. the events that led to the caused of the Boston Tea Party to go on were: Great Britain tried to implement revenue enhancement on tea. Settlers refused to imbibe British tea. and the British authorities tried to coerce the settlers to accept a tea revenue enhancement or Tea Act. As a consequence the settlers dumped the tea into the H2O. The male monarch closed the seaport until the tea that had been dumped into the H2O had been paid for. The male monarch besides took off most of the colonists’ rights of self- authorities. The people of Boston and other settlements were turning less and less patient. Their avidity led to the forming of the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia in September 1774 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . This meeting united the settlements and was a elephantine measure toward a determination for a revolution.
After the settlers decided to make nil but to revenge against the British King. the Intolerable Acts was passed by Parliament in 1774 ( Maier. 1998 ) . It was a menace to liberty and all the settlements. These Acts of the Apostless were passed to take more control over the American Colonies. There were five Acts of the Apostless and they involved Massachusetts and Great Britain. The first act was called the Quartering Act and was passed on March 24. 1765 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . This act had to make with the British military personnels. It said that the settlers were to house any British soldier who came to their door and asked to remain ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The 2nd act was the Boston Port Act and the measure was passed on June 1. 1774 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The measure closed the port of Boston until the amendss from the Boston Tea Party were paid for. The 3rd act was the Administration of Justice Act and it was passed on May 20. 1774 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The measure said that the British functionaries would non be able to be tried in provincial tribunals ( Kullen. 1996 ) . They would be sent back to Britain and tried at that place. The 4th act was the Massachusetts Government Act and it occurred on May 20. 1774 ( Kullen. 1996 ) . This measure affected the charter of the settlements. It gave the British control of the town meetings and took control out of the colonists’ custodies ( Kullen. 1996 ) . The fifth and concluding act is the Quebec Act ( Kullen. 1996 ) . It started in May 20. 1774 and the measure changed the Canadian boundary lines ( Kullen. 1996 ) .
After the Boston Tea Party and the imposing of the Intolerable Acts on the settlements. delegates from 12 of the settlements met in Philadelphia in September of 1774 ( Gipson. 1954 ) . This group was called the First Continental Congress ( Gipson. 1954 ) . They were upset with the British Parliament for their unjust intervention of the settlements and were able to carry through these three things: to compose a list of grudges against Parliament. to asked that the King respect their rights as British citizens and to vote whether to halt trading with the British until the King repealed the Intolerable Acts ( Gipson. 1954 ) . At this clip the settlers still didn’t want war and wanted to stay loyal to the King.
On April 19. 1775 a British military force-marched on Concord to capture the Minutemen’s armory of arms ( Davis. 1990 ) . The Massachusetts colony’s reservess were known as the Minutemen ( Davis. 1990 ) . They were called the Minutemen because they were a group of soldiers who could be ready for a conflict on a minute’s notice ( Davis. 1990 ) . The Minutemen were made up of voluntary citizens such as husbandmans. fishermen. and shopkeepers ( Davis. 1990 ) . One of the most celebrated Minutemans was Paul Revere. who was a silverworker ( Davis. 1990 ) . The British were able to come in Concord but were unable to happen the arms. As the British marched back to Boston. they were ambushed by big Numberss of Minutemen ( Davis. 1990 ) . The British suffered many casualties at this clip. This conflict caused the Revolutionary War to get down. After this conflict. the Minutemen were able to develop many more voluntaries and be ready for other conflicts ( Davis. 1990 ) .
The Battle of Lexington was a conflict in Massachusetts that happened because of some angry Americans who refused to pay revenue enhancements ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The British went to war with them and had a program that they would go forth Boston in the dark. First they would process to Lexington. a small town near Concord ( Gipson. 1954 ) . At Lexington they would capture the two major trouble makers who were concealing out at that place: Sam Adams and John Hancock ( Gipson. 1954 ) . These two work forces were the leaders of the “Sons of Liberty” ( Gipson. 1954 ) . Then the military personnels would process to Concord and destruct the Minutemen’s supplies ( Davis. 1990 ) . At midnight. on the 19th of April. the British military personnels left Boston and crossed the Charles River ( Gipson. 1954 ) . Paul Revere warned the Minutemans that the British were coming ( Gipson. 1954 ) .
When the British military personnels arrived in Lexington. the American military personnels were ready. No 1 knows who fired the first shooting. but it was called “The Shot Heard Round the World” ( Kullen. 1996 ) . They called it that because it was the first conflict of the Revolutionary War. Patrick Henry was in the Battles of Lexington and Concord ( Kullen. 1996 ) . These conflicts started the Revolutionary War and took topographic point in April 19. 1775 ( Kullen. 1996 ) .
The Second Continental Congress was the 2nd meeting of the colonies’ delegates in Philadelphia on May 10. 1775 ( Gipson. 1954 ) . The delegates included George Washington. Thomas Jefferson. Benjamin Franklin. and John Adams. The Congress commissioned Washington to form a Continental ground forces and presume duty for the besieging of Boston ( Gipson. 1954 ) . It formulated ordinances and behaviors for trade ; issued paper money ; and sent embassadors abroad to negociate with foreign powers for fiscal. diplomatic. and military aid ( Davis. 1990 ) . Most of the delegates. including Washington. still hoped for colony with Britain. but by the terminal of 1775 this possibility had faded ( Gipson. 1954 ) .
In August the British sovereign had issued a announcement “for stamp downing rebellion and sedition” in the settlements and in September had hired 20. 000 Hessians ( Maier. 1998 ) . Two yearss subsequently Congress approved a formal Declaration of Independence. It caused us to officially declare war against Britain.
Davis. David. Revolutions: Revolutions on American Equality and Foreign Liberations. Cambridge.
Massachusetts & A ; London. England: Harvard University Press. 1990
Fradin. Dennis B. and McCurdy. Michael The Signers: The 56 Narratives Behind the Declaration of Independence. Walker & A ; Co Library: September 2002.
Gipson. Lawrence. The Coming of the Revolution: 1763-1775. New York: Harper & A ; Brothers: 1954.
Kullen. Allen. Peopling of America: A Timeline of Events That Helped Shape Our State. Americans All: November 1996.
Maier. Pauline. American Bible: Making the Declaration of Independence.
Random House. Incorporated: June 1998.