The effect on adopted Individuals, are measured through several scientific studies with the help of parents and children. Children who are adopted are compared to other non-adopted peers, neglected children, and children In their current environment In terms of Intellect and behavior. Compared to those who live with their non-delusive birth parents, adopted or neglected or neglected lack In many aspects of language, intelligence, and behavior. Even though Adopted children have more disadvantages compared to the peers in their new environment, parents are able to give them the resources they need to grow cognitively.
My personal interest of this subject comes from my own experience of being an orphan around the age of four years old. Who knows where I would be if I my parents now, haven’t given me a second chance to improve the quality of my life. Based on my experience I would say that adopting children of other countries makes for a quality of life that children would not have otherwise. Of course It Is Inevitable there will be positive relation to developmental growth In children, as there are more resources to grow from, provided by the family who decides to take In a new family member.
Research supports my belief, as much data reveals that children who are adopted or have been neglected benefit in many developmental aspects. To better understand the impact of development in adoptive children, Sprat et al. (2012) conducted a study that seek the differences of children who have faced different forms of neglect by comparing peers who have a history with some form of neglect, internationally adopted children, and healthy children with healthy relationships with parents.
Participants took series of age appropriate standardized tests for cognitive, language, and behavioral function. Cognitive tests included the Differential Abilities Scales for Children (DACCA) assessing cognitive capabilities Into a score for General Conceptual Ability (CA), which then takes that data and correlates it to the general verbal ability, nonverbal ability, and general conceptual ability (CA).
Language testing Including language subcategories would Include the Test of Early Language (TELL) (testing two through six years and eleven months), Test of Language Development (TOLD) (tests children above the age of six years and eleven months), TOLD-primary (testing four to nine year old children), and TOLD-intermediate (and its observatories for language proficiency in eight to eight-teen year old subjects). Finally participants would be tested for behavior and its subtest through the Child behavior checklist (CB), (testing the ages of one and a half to eight-teen).
In this research, parents complete a Parenting Stress Index (SSI-SF) for correlation purposes. Data concludes that non-adopted children with healthy parental relationships (control group) are better in the aspects of language, behavior and cognitive ability than both adopted and neglected children according to Sprat et al. (2012). The study also showed those who were neglected or adopted had more reports of depression and anxiety than the control group. Even though adoptive and neglected participants scored worse than the control group in all aspects of development, data behavioral scores.
Since neglected or adopted children, miss out on learning abilities, it is no surprise they scored lower in every aspect compared to the control group. Intervening a neglectful environment at an earlier age will increase behavioral, emotional, and cognitive ability promoting resilience (Sprat et al. , 2012). Children’s minds are plastic and once removed from a destructive environment, Ninth the right tools, their intellect Quotient (Q) and school performance wile thrive.
Marinas, Conditioned, & Suffer (2005), prove this in their research on three subject groups consisting of children who have been taken in be adoptive families, those who have stood in an institutional setting, and children who are with their birth parents. Adopted children were Just in the normal IQ of about 85 while non adopted orphans had an IQ of about 65, a clinically retarded child. Children who are adopted were wise as likely to be encouraged to go to a school for special needs. This sounds discouraging but only twelve percent of adopted children need treatment to facilitate special needs. Marinas, Conditioned, & Suffer, 2005). Despite the hindrance of Intellect potential given in their previous settings, adopted student’s still show better performance in schools than their peers who remain in an institutionalized setting. Studies on adopted children especially emphasize mental growth, as their school performance is almost the equivalence of children raised with their birth families Marinas, Conditioned, ; Suffer 2005). This is because early intervention of a disruptive learning environment, enhances the ability to learn language thus, perform better in school settings; keep in mind this does not improve ‘Q.
Early intervention also decreases chances of inability to adapt to new environment, lowering mental health post-adoption (Cedilla, M. , Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , & Merck, A. , 1999). Their study took place in Kane, Sweden, studying children after adoption and its effect on their mental health. Unlike the other studies, they mainly focused on testing 147 families consisting of 211 foreign born children. The study begins with and analysis of pre-adoption, followed by analysis through parents and children post- adoption.
Parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CB) which included 188 behavioral problem questions ad four competence scales, Family I Relations Scale AFAR) of 46-item self rating questions, and lastly the Family Climate Inventory (FCC) a rating test of themselves and their family. Child subjects (13 years old and older) completed age appropriate standardized questioners to measure a child’s emotional distress through the Symptom Checklist (FSML-90), self esteem test “l think I am… , Family relations test of the Family Relations Scale (AFAR), and lastly the FCC scale for feelings toward the family.
Results of each diagnostic test state children of adopters are similarly as healthy as those of their peers living ins Sweden. Summing up data of children pre-adoption provided by Cedilla, M. , Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , & Merck, A. , (1999), frequency of attachment issues toward foster parents were higher in those children (23%) who were taken in at a later age and had spent a longer amount of time in an orphanage or neglectful environment. Again data from this third study suggests a high level of adaptability in younger children “ho have been subject to less developmental harm. Cedilla, M. Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , ; Merck, A. , (1999), reveal that only 23% percent of adopted correlation that this is due to the fact that they were adopted at a later age than the rest of the group and spent more time in a harmful environment. I believe the small percentage of those who adapted poorly could reflect the behavior of normal adolescent development as most think they belong to some famous family anyway. Research also suggests that teens with lower self-esteem have a higher-level dysfunction in the home. This is also quite normal especially in the adolescent stage of development.
Cedilla, M. , Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , ; Merck, A. , (1999) research also support normal development in adopted children in terms of friends and identity. Data correlates CB total score with internalizing or externalities, normal for this age group. Also, data provided by Cedilla, M. , Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , ; Merck, A. , (1999) revealed adopted children have identity issues as the rest of the adolescent population: When the results were calculated separately for the adopters below 18 years of age the correlations with ” Identity ” Nas . 42 for SSL-90 and -. 4 for self-esteem. The corresponding correlations for the older subjects (18-27 years of age) were -. 05 for SSL-90 and . 06 for “I think I am”. Of those who were 13-17 years old, 86 % felt mostly Swedish. This was true of 94% of those 18-27 years old. This data highly correlates self-esteem in adolescence and adults with a sense of identity. Adolescent children have a lower self-esteem than those of adult’s correlating to a diminished sense of identity. As we learn through Erik Erosion’s theory of psychosocial development, in which all adolescence confront this obstacle. He only thing that differentiates a Swedish-born child whom are related to their parents, and individuals who are adopted is the fact that Swedish born children do not have to think about where they came from. According to Cedilla, M. , Hook, B. , Ihram, M. , ; Merck, A. , (1999), Adopted children who,” research or think about their adoption, biological family, and country of origin, often have lower-self esteem and higher rate of internalizing. ” As most children face an identity crisis this IS the only thing that separates the Swedish-born from non-Swedish-born child.
Data from all three studies support the early interaction with those of adopted child. One can do no harm by the act of adopting a child. Interaction only enables children to thrive intellectually especially in the early stages of life. Even though data shows internationally adopted children are typically at a slight disadvantage, adopters can rest at assure that with their resources, their child can still grow and develop as Just as any other non-adopted child can.