Sandra Cisneros has spent a life-time seeking to detect her ain literary voice. merely to be drowned out by the largely white and largely white voices that she imitated but ne’er identified with. The lone girl in a household with six boies. Cisneros was frequently the “odd-woman-out-forever” early on in life. It was non until she was enrolled in the Iowa Writers Workshop that she eventually discovered that her experience as a adult female and a Chicana in a male dominated universe was the voice that was uniquely hers. Cisneros was influenced by her family’s changeless travels between Mexico and Chicago. Cisneros ne’er had the chance to do friends since she was rarely in one topographic point for really long. nor did she hold any sisters to confide and place with. When her household eventually settled in a little ruddy house in Chicago. Cisneros had a place and a sense of permanency that she had antecedently ne’er known.
But it was non the house she had dreamed of nor been promised by her male parent. She had ever thought of a house with a green lawn. white lookout fencing. and a bathroom for every individual. Alternatively she got a disintegrating cottage in an destitute inner-city vicinity. It was this house that inspired her foremost and most successful novel. The House on Mango Street. Cisneros’ authorship has been shaped by her experiences. which have given her a position and voice really different from traditional American authors. such as Poe. Thoreau. and Emerson. These are the authors that have helped consist the literary cannon of the United States for about two hundred old ages. She has something to state that they do non cognize approximately. The House on Mango Street is an elegant literary piece. someplace between fiction and poesy. that explores issues that are of import to her: feminism. love. subjugation. and faith.
The House on Mango Street reads more as poesy than as a narrative. This is accomplished through the broad usage of colour throughout the sketchs. About every transition in this book contains mention to colour. Specifically so. it is the symbolic usage of colour that defines this novel. Even the rubric of the book brings to mind the mature colour of a Mangifera indica. It is interesting that she chose Mango Street for the scene. A mango tree is a tropical evergreen cultivated for its comestible fruit. which has a smooth rind and Sweet. juicy. yellow-orange flesh. In much the same manner. Esperanza is the immature tree. waiting to maturate and be cultivated. She excessively will finally acquire to demo brighter colourss. “They are the lone 1s who understand me. I am the lone 1 who understands them. Four skinny trees with scraggy cervixs and pointy cubituss like mine. Four who do non belong here but are here” ( Cisneros ) .
Esperanza and Cisneros both identify themselves as immature immature trees. that can non be understood until they grow fruit. The usage of colour serves a double symbolic intent. The barrios that Cisneros and her rubric character. Esperanza. live in are normally grey and nothingness of any other colour. As kids. they had really small in footings of stuff ownerships. yet they were keenly cognizant of the beauty of colour. which was free and could non be taken from them. Thus colour is used to give life to the barrio. Just as Steven Speilberg used the small ruddy frock as the lone colour in Shindler’s List. Cisneros paints her universe in graphic colourss to foreground little things that took on greater significance for her. She remembers the xanthous Cadillac. grandma’s pink pess dressed in velvety heels. her new frock. pink with white chevrons. and. of class. her brown and white saddle places.
Esperanza invariably identifies with the colour pink. which is frequently representative of muliebrity. In her ain life. Cisneros was ever seeking to retain her female individuality. Her male parent would invariably tout or kick that he had seven boies. She writes that he meant siete hijos. seven kids. and that she is certain that he didn’t average anything by that mistranslation. Cisneros could experience herself being erased and would tug her father’s arm and susurration: ‘not seven boies. Six! And one daughter’ . Cisneros used the colour pink frequently in the early phases of the novel. up until the carnival. She talks about The Family of Little Feet. where grandma’s pess were “lovely as pink pearls…because they were pretty” ( Cisneros ) . Pink is even used to diagrammatically demo Esperanza’s artlessness in The Earl of Tennessee when Esperanza sees who she thinks is Earl’s married woman. she is “a tall red-headed lady who wears tight pink pants” ( Cisneros ) . In her artlessness. Esperanza does non recognize that this adult female is non Earl’s married woman. but a cocotte. After the carnival. where Esperanza loses her artlessness. the colour pink is ne’er mentioned once more. As Esperanza grows from artlessness to adulthood. the colourss around her advancement every bit good. From the artlessness of pink. Esperanza notices the green in her life. which is still a clip of larning and newness.
The lone thing Esperanza can retrieve about the male child she danced with in The House on Mango Street after he is dead is his green bloomerss. This is her first experience with decease. but she does non retrieve black. the colour of decease. Alternatively she focuses on the colour viridity. which is more symbolic of life. for this is merely another measure in her apprehension of the fiddling nature of life. Later. when telling the Monkey Garden. she remembers the green apples. “hard as knees” ( Cisneros ) . The garden is a major turning point in the acquisition procedure for Esperanza. a topographic point where she easy becomes cognizant of her artlessness. The garden is a common symbol throughout literature. The garden is normally a spiritual symbol. representative of the Garden of Eden. Just as the Garden of Eden was a topographic point for the loss of artlessness. literary gardens are besides the beginning of a heroine’s ( Eve ) loss of artlessness and virtuousness. The Monkey Garden is Esperanza’s Garden of Eden. It is here that she becomes cognizant of the universe of gender when her friend Sally goes with the male childs to snog them. “One of Tito’s friends said you can’t acquire the keys back unless you kiss us and Sally pretended to be huffy at first but she said yes.
It was that simple” ( Cisneros ) . Esperanza realizes that Sally is non every bit naive as she one time believed her to be. The large green apples that Esperanza remembers are clearly a mention to the apple in the Garden of Eden that led to Eve’s ruin and human mortality. Yet Esperanza’s apples are non ruddy. like Eve’s apple. Eve’s ruddy apple symbolizes the lecherousness that accompanied the wickedness of eating the apple. Esperanza’s green apple shows growing and newness. which is what Esperanza will take away from the Monkey Garden. She is non the 1 to perpetrate the wickedness. but she is secluded to it. The monkey is important besides. as he is the snake of the garden. Esperanza fears the monkey. merely as Adam and Eve were ab initio cautious of the snake. Yellow. which usually conjures images of cowardliness. is used to stand for bold and audacious things for Esperanza. She notes the xanthous Cadillac in her vicinity. a glistening symbol of things she can merely woolgather of. Similarly. when she puts on the xanthous high heeled places. Esperanza feels like Cinderella. and it is “scary to look down at your pes that is no longer yours and see attached a long leg” ( Cisneros ) .
The House on Mango Street is an autobiographical history of Cisneros’s childhood. The characters are created from the neighbours of her young person. Cisneros creates what she calls a “deluge of voices”- they are the looks of her immediate household. of the Chicano-Riqueno community she grew up in and the voices form her life both between and as a portion of the two civilizations in which she now dwells. She feels under force per unit area as the first Chicana to come in the mainstream of literary civilization. Until the publication of The House on Mango Street. the Chicano literature that had crossed over into the mainstream remained a male domain- Gary Soto. Luis Valdez. Richard Rodriquez. Jimmy Santiago Baca. Alberto Rios and Rudolfo Anaya had all made the passage.
Womans were unrepresented at that place until Cisneros’s recent successes. Cisneros is able to convey her characters to life with her rich usage of symbolism. If these seem like colourful characters. it is because Cisneros has deliberately painted them with the colourss of her imaginativeness to make a universe that stands in contrast to the otherwise desolation of her milieus. Cisneros has broken a silence that has run long and deep which old decennaries of racism. poorness and gender marginilization had suppressed.
On the other manus Maya Angelou a poet. an writer. a play-write. an actress. a female parent. a civil-rights militants. historian and most of import a subsister. Possibly Maya Angelou. award-winning writer of many books is one of the most influential African Americans in American history. Maya was born on. April 4th. 1928 as Marguerite Johnson. in St. Louis Missouri. She was raised in Stamps Arkansas by her Grandmother Annie Henderson and her Uncle Willie. Stamps was a rural segregated community. However. it was tight knit between the African Americans. Maya grew up during a really hard clip period in American history. They were merely retrieving from the Great Depression. and larning how to cover with different races of people.
Maya knew this and made it clear in her authorship. “It was atrocious to be Negro and have no control over my life. It was barbarous to be immature and already trained to sit softly and listen to charges brought against my colour with no opportunity of defence. We should be dead. I thought I should wish to see us all dead. one on top of each other. A pyramid of flesh with the white folks on the underside. . . . and so the Negro’s. ” ( Angelou. Caged Bird ) “If turning up was painful for the Southern Black Girl. being cognizant of her supplanting is the rust on the razor that threatens the pharynx. ” ( Angelou. Caged Bird ) Grandma Henderson was a really spiritual individual and a cardinal factor in Maya’s upbringing as with the remainder of the people of Stamps. Maya and her brother Bailey were punished as necessary. She kept Bailey and Maya out of problem and on the right path.
When Maya was about six. she and Bailey moved to St. Louis to populate with her female parent. and her fellow. Mr. Freeman. While remaining in St. Louis. she was raped by Mr. Freeman. Afterwards. Mr. Freeman was killed. Maya was certain that her voice had the power to kill. after all. she was the 1 that told on him. so Maya became deaf-and-dumb person for the following two old ages. After returning to Stamps. a adult female by the name of Bertha Flowers brought Maya out of her deaf-and-dumb person. “Mrs. Flowers she had the grace of control to look warm in the coldest of weather… she acted merely every bit refined as the white folks. ” ( Angelou. Caged Bird ) Mrs. Flowers brought the plants of Shakespeare. Hawthorne. and many others to Maya. Mrs. Flowers made her read and declaim the poetries. Maya was approximately eleven when Grandma Baxter moved her and Bailey to San Francisco. California to get away the racial battles in the South. Maya was merely as metagrobolized with her female parent now as when she foremost meets her in St. Louis. Maya would travel to see her male parent every so frequently. until one summer he asked Maya to populate with him for the summer. Maya’s father frequently took trips to Mexico on the weekend. Maya went with him on one. merely to happen herself driving her drunken male parent place.
When Maya returned place. she got into an atrocious battle with her father’s girlfriend. Maya so ran off. became stateless. and lived in a junkyard. One twelvemonth after Maya became homeless. she returned place with her female parent. Maya attended secondary school. and found herself a occupation being the first black conductorette on the San Francisco trams. This was a great achievement in Maya’s head. she had done something that no 1 else has of all time done. Maya was now about 16 old ages of age. and funny about sex. She thought that possibly she was sapphic. so to happen out. she had sex with a friend. and ended up pregnant. Maya was merely 16 old ages old. She was now the Mother of Guy Johnson. Maya moved to West Africa. and took up the occupation as a professor at the University of Ghana where she enrolled Guy. now 17. Maya was now among her people. Blacks. Maya was brought up during a really hard clip in American history. The station depression epoch and the beginning of segregation greatly influenced immature Maya.
She and her household had really few quarrels with Whites. and seldom did they tie in with them. There were many coevalss that influenced Maya Angelou during her life such as Dr. Martin Luther King JR. They both had similar positions in civil rights. during the clip period that Maya started composing. At the petition of Dr. King. Ms. Angelou became the north coordinator of the South Christian Leadership conference. President Gerald Ford besides influenced Maya by naming her to the Bicentennial committee. She besides knew. and helped out Malcolm X. during the clip period that Maya Angelou began to compose. the telecasting was merely get downing to come up. This helped Maya and the remainder of the universe to see what was traveling on in a affair of hours. alternatively in a affair of yearss ( sometimes even hebdomads ) . The car is besides a really indispensable tool that was being perfected in Maya’s clip. There is no uncertainty in my head or anybody else’s head that during the clip period of the 1930’s to the 1990’s that racial issues were the biggest and most unsafe societal issue.
The clip in her life that race did non trouble oneself her was when she lived in Ghana. Africa. Here she felt that it didn’t affair if she was black. because everybody else was. I believe that this book is an of import piece of Americana for one simple ground. That ground is that the book tells in item how trouble but interesting it was to turn up in the mid 1930’s. I feel that her message from the book is love what you have and know. non what you don’t hold and don’t know. I genuinely learned a lesson from Maya and her book. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. I have learned to be grateful for what I have and the clip period that I am populating in. to bask it.