British journalist Peter Martin addresses the issue of globalization in his article entitled The Moral Case for Globalization in an extremely biased manner. He begins by talking about how the economic side of globalization is not the only part worth covering and makes an extremely opinionated statement about the overall greatness of the ‘event’ of globalization. His article very clearly allows readers to see that he supports globalization and the continual growth of our globe into what he sees as one interconnected union.
This article relates immensely to the article written by another British journalist Martin Wolf entitled Why this Hatred of the Market?. Wolf, like Martin, feels that globalization as a whole is largely beneficial to the betterment of our globe and economies worldwide. Wolf however, addresses mainly the economic benefits rather than the moral benefits, as Martin does. Wolf writes about how globalization should be looked at. Moreover why it should be looked to as a guideline as to how governments should act, and what they should do (Wolf, 9).
He feels that globalization is desirable, as does Martin, and furthermore he seems to feel that technology is the reason that globalization is so successful, and perhaps the reason that it works. Moreover, he makes the implicit statement that globalization is a political thing (Wolf, 9). He feels that it is growing, as does Martin, and feels that it will continue to grow. Wolf says that “l essons of experience” (Wolf, 9) have taught governments of the world to become open to the global economy. By this he means that history has been the main reason and teaching mechanism that has made globalization necessary and extremely profitable.
Martin also agrees with Wolf’s standpoint, but in a more moral way. While acknowledging the economic upside to globalization he talks more about the moral side. They both however, do feel that globalization is a very political thing in corresponding, but all the while, different ways. Martin feels that globalization is an extension of our withering freedom. By this he means that he feels countries that are against globalization are limiting the “cross-border choice offered by globalization” (Martin, 13).
Moreover he says that the extension of state power (and the prevention of globalization) is “damaging and deeply anti-democratic” (Martin, 13). Liberalization is also a key idea that Wolf talks about and he sees it as the removal of restrictions on “exchange controls affecting imports of goods and services” (Wolf, 9). Wolf, feels that liberalization is the root of globalization and that without the political freedom given by most nation states, globalization would not be possible or perhaps not even something that could ever happen.
If countries and nations were unable and prohibited to communicate and interact across the border, then globalization would be a theory that would never apply to the real world. The political background that Martin and Wolf feel that globalization has is a key concept that is critical to the understanding of what globalization is, how it works, and how people or countries feel about it. Martin and Wolf have the same positive view of globalization, and both hold beliefs of it that perhaps are critical to the building of the understand of the supporting side of globalization, as there are many other standpoints and opinions on this topic.
Jihad vs. McWorld written by Benjamin Barber takes a different look and standpoint at globalization than Peter Martin does. To begin, Barber feels that as a whole globalization is bad. Barber says that the spread of Western Civilization is leaking into the cultures and lives of nations world wide and there is and will continue to be a tremendous loss of culture if globalization continues in the manner and pace it is now. Barber recognizes mainly the societal effects of globalization and makes sweeping and opinionated assumptions of the influence of the United States culture on the rest of the world.
Barber draws a clear division between the way that Western Civilization affects and harms culturally rich countries around the world and claims that it is seeping deeply into the roots of certain cultures. “Iranian zealots keep one ear tuned to the mullahs urging holy war and the oter cocked to Rupert Murdoch’s Star television beaming in Dynasty, Donahue, and The Simpsons from hovering satellites” (Barber, 22). Here we see Barber illustrating the effect of Western Civilization, and thus globalization, upon the rest of the world. Barber is in extreme opposition to Peter Martin, and this is a clear and concise contrast between different sides.
The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System written by Immanuel Wallerstein is purposefully written to address world capitalism (globalization) and show that capitalism is undeniable and all around us. Again, the political aspect and viewpoint is a main issue here for Wallerstein along with the idea of capitalism as an economic entity. Wallerstein states that the capitalist workings concerning the world economy are crucial to the political world as well. He feels that they have a hand in hand relationship. Wallerstein is similar in the fact that both he and Martin feel that globalization is a good thing.
Wallerstein addresses globalization implicitly through the discussion of capitalism. Leslie Sklair is also strongly supports globalization as an active matter like Martin does. She addresses many common day issues and relates modern ideas such as mass media and transnational corporations in her discussion of globalization. Sklair feels that the main factor of globalization are “institutions of the culture-ideological of consumerism, as expressed through the transnational mass media, are the primary agents in the cultural-ideological sphere” (Sklair, 64).
Sklair states that TNC’s are the catalyst that push countries to work together and also helps in urging countries to open their gates to the global economy. Transnational practices are an extremely positive and forward moving entities that encourage countries to interact. Sklair believes that globalization a good thing and is made possible by these very transnational practices, and feels that consumerism is encouraged, and thus creates a need and desire for globalization. Globalization makes the world a more accessible and user friendly atmosphere and place to live, work, play, and do business.
Overall, the opinions of globalization range from an array of standpoints. The fact of the matter however is that globalization is happening and is changing the world in which we live. No matter if you like it or not, globalization is an issue that is affecting our economic world. The affect permeates into the lives of all active consumers. Globalization is widely debated and highly controversial, but the one thing that must be agreed upon is that it is happening and it is an issue that we need to address.