The Filipino today. in his effort to overhaul and develop. faced with a double enterprise: to beef up his national individuality and to get by with ceaseless alterations. Experience has taught us establishment. systems. and values copied from Western theoretical accounts do non run efficaciously in the Philippines as they do in their original scene. The Filipino himself is at loss because of the impact of several values. something conflicting 1s. on his best in him to enable him to take his topographic point with pride in the universe of states. In a class which surveies man’s relation with the society. it is of import to see how education influences adult male peculiarly as respects the moral or religious side of his personality. In this respect. it is besides utile to redefine the construct of moral values and find the methods that can be efficaciously used in furthering sound moral orientation to the societal adult male within the Philippines scene.
Valuess are the qualities of desirableness or undesirability believed to inhere in an thought. object or action. Lynch defined imposts as the values. beliefs. behaviour and material objects that constitute a people’s manner of life. Valuess are defined culturally as criterions by which people assess desirableness. goodness and beauty. Some are good for societal life. Valuess are statements about what ought to be. Values besides express the ends or intent of societal action. The construct of shared values refers to a consensus of moral. rule and criterions of behaviour. They are society’s moral jussive moods that deal with what ought to be and are hence considered desirable and of import by the members of society. In contrast to societal norms. values are general in nature. Valuess act upon a person’s behaviour towards a big category of objects or individuals although they are non related to that specific object. individual or group. They are criterions for finding whether something is good and desirable or non and serves as the standards by which norms themselves are judged. Valuess besides include truth. honestness. and justness. Truth. as a value. commands us an interior committedness that in truth translates into our day-to-day address and action. Truth is good and desirable ; therefore it influences our attitude and behaviour.
Value system is a constellation of civilization. stand foring the dominant motives and basic rules of people’s behaviour. In the Philippines. when it comes to achievement and success. the society is extremely competitory. and great value is placed on the accomplishment of power. wealth and prestigiousness. For activity and work. regular disciplined plants are extremely valued for its ain interest: those who do non work are considered lazy and even immoral. In moral orientation. Filipinos tend to be moralist. seeing the universe in footings of right and incorrect and invariably measuring the moral behaviour of others. Filipinos regard themselves as human-centered – a kindly. charitable people. ever ready to come to the assistance of the less fortunate or the underdog. We believe that jobs have solutions. and we are an intensely practical people ; the ability to “get things done” is widely admired. We ever look to the hereafter instead than the past. sharing strong belief that things can and should acquire better ; our mentality is basically optimistic.
By agencies of stuff comfort. Filipinos value the “group life. ” which they define in footings of a high criterion of life and the ownership of material goods. However. we ever claim to believe in human equality. peculiarly in equality of chance ; we by and large relate to one another in an informal. classless manner. The freedom of the persons is regarded as one of the most of import values in Filipino life ; we. Filipinos believe piously that they are and should stay “free. ” Despite our uttered belief in “rugged individuality. ” we tend to be conformists and are leery of those who are non. We besides believe in scientific. rational attack to the universe and in the usage of applied scientific discipline to derive enigma over environment. Our signifier of authorities is regarded as extremely democratic. and believe that every citizen should hold right of political engagement. To be a responsible. dignified person is really of import. and Filipinos are loath to give the group precedence over the person. Unfortunately. a strong counter value to that single personality is the 1 that places a higher value on some racial cultural category. or spiritual groups than on others.
Every civilization has its nucleus a basic set of values. These values consist of ultimate terminal. ends. or intents of societal action. Value orientation represents the societal scruples internalized and integrated within single members of society and ethos which gives civilization its integrity. signifier. and individuality at any given clip and topographic point. Varied forces operate in determining people’s value orientation. Contemporary Filipino values manifest a “strain for consistency” among values in a Gemeinschaft society and those in Gesselschaft society. Contemporary Filipinos are confronted with beliing values with changing grades of non-universalism as they search for a national individuality. But whatever the present orientation. Filipino values are seen to be traveling toward rationalism. patriotism. and universalism.