Forests and the many changing trees of which they are composed have. since the really earlier yearss played an of import portion in the life of world. It is because of this that work forces have realized their value and have taken stairss to continue them and to forestall their wanton and useless devastation. From the crude yearss of the wigman. the house on piles or the African but. wood has been the basic stuff used for men’s lodging to supply shelter from the animate beings. The wigwam and the African hut were built round a frame of lumber. The intricately attractive black and white houses of ‘Merrie England’ in the 16th century depended on wooden frames. even today. when steel girders from the frameworld of our immense modern edifices like those in the Raffles City in Singapore or the sky-scrapers of New York. wood still forms an of import portion of the smaller modern houses. Soft forests of all sorts are used fro frames and doors and a assortment of difficult forests for furniture. From earliest times excessively. wood has played a big portion in conveyance.
A rolled tree bole. really likely showed crude adult male the possible usage of the wheel. possibly as of import a find as that of fire. In the earliest yearss of the car. wood was indispensable in its building. but even before that. trishaws. carts. passenger cars and waggons. all made of lumber enabled adult male to travel from topographic point to topographic point overland. Work force were every bit dependent on wood for traversing H2O ad through all the staged from the hollowed-out log and the little boat built round a wooden frame right up to the first great seafaring ships which foremost crossed over oceans. all agencies of conveyance were wooden-framed and wooden-walled. Another really of import usage of woods is a modern 1. This is the cutting up of logs and lumber for usage in the devising of paper. peculiarly the sort of paper on which our day-to-day newspapers are printed. The logs of wood. when cut. are ground up by chromaticity machines and are turned into wood mush. This. so undergoes certain chemical procedures and paper is the terminal merchandise.
When we realize how much day-to-day news-print the universe consumes. we can see how great is the demand of lumber for this intent. Equally good as bring forthing lumber. certain woods provide of import oils such as gum terpentine from the pine woods of North America or palm oil from the thenar woods. Olive oil is produced from the olive tree. There are other merchandises excessively. The American sugar maple provides sugar from its sap. Flock. for mattresses is produced by the woods of immense cotton trees in West Africa. Equally these same African woods provide the necessary shelter under which the chocolate bean can turn. Forests besides prevent dirt eroding. They protect it from winds blowing it off and form H2O rinsing it off. Forests. excessively. regenerate the dirt and because of the add-on of humus and vegetable affair. it does non devolve and go wastes. They besides attract rain-clouds and in topographic points where they have been cleared. comeuppances are likely to look. Many wild animate being and little insects find shelter under the protecting subdivisions of forest trees.
A broad assortment of mounting bush. flowers and creepers are besides protected by them. Forests excessively. whether the tropical 1s of South-East-Asia ; whether the sweeping stat mis of north American pines or whether the softer deciduous wood of Europe provide work forces with beauty. A tree. of whatever sort is a wonderful of nature. It is because of the importance of woods that they should be preserved. In 1919. after the first great war. the wood deficit in Britain was really acute. because so much had been used in the war attempt. The Forestry Commission was hence. put up. This is a organic structure which buys old forests and land. that is at present bare and turns them into modern woods utilizing the latest scientific cognition and equipment to assist in this intent.
The modern Forester grows his trees merely as the husbandman grows his harvests or the nurseryman. his veggies. He workss and so thins them and eventually. when they are to the full grown. he cuts them down for lumber. He ever replaces the felled trees with immature 1s. In re-afforestation. natural trees must ever be grown. The Oak tree which is autochthonal to England would non turn in Malaysia. neither of class. make palm trees flourish intemperate climes. Countries all over the universe are caring their woods in this manner. to guarantee the supply of lumber which is so severely needed.