Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business / professional purposes. History has taught us that people travel and engage in tourism activities in increasing numbers when several basic conditions can be met. Before people can experience tourism they usually need at least:- 1. disposable income, ie. money to spend on non-essentials 2. leisure time 3. tourism infrastructure, such as transport and accommodation. 4.
Other factors such as health and motivation to travel are also important. Tourism has become a highly popular global leisure activity. Increased disposable income and leisure time, the development of transport and accommodations, low cost air fares, emerging markets and expanding economies have all contributed to a boost in travel. According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), January through April of 2007 saw a rise of over 6% arrivals, raising the number of trips to 252 million. This represents an additional 15 million from the same period in 2006.
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When the people have disposable income to support their daily needs and other expenditures, the extra left will be saved and used to travel because travel can relax one’s mind and reduce stress on daily working life. The amounts of disposable income will determine the place to travel whether is domestic or international. Changes in leisure time also make a great impact on tourism. The increasing flexibility of working hours can provide benefits to employees in terms of greater freedom to choose when to go on holiday.
For some countries within the European Union, their employees are given four weeks paid holiday. This holiday cannot be exchanged for cash so those employees can choose whether to have more holiday or additional pension contributions. Earlier retirement in Europe also increase the leisure time of the people to have more leisure activities such as travel. Another important issue that will affect the rapid grow of tourism is the tourism infrastructure.
When the tourism infrastructure such as transportation and accommodation is completed and easy to access, tourist will be feeling convenient to move around the leisure place and able to enjoy comfortable living place. This will increase the tourism activities as the aim of tourist to go travel is to relax and enjoy. Other factors such as low cost air fares also increasing the tourism activities because the expenditures use on flight now can be saved and use on others part such as accommodation or foods when traveling.
References 1. http://en. wikiversity. org/wiki/Tourism_industry 2. http://media. unwto. org/en/content/understanding-tourism-basic-glossary 3. http://www. asirt. org/KnowBeforeYouGo/LeisureTravel/tabid/203/Default. aspx 4. http://www. jstor. org/stable/2526023? seq=1 5. Changes_in_leisure_time_the_impact_on_tourism. pdf 6. THE ROLE OF INFRASTRUCTURE IN GENERATING MULTIPLYING EFFECTSFOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT. pdf
Tourism depends on the earth; Tourism has and will dependably eat up the common assets. Tourism is the primary factor doing habitat in both positive and negative aspects. Even easiest type of tourism like going by a zoo expends ecological assets, for example, creatures, flying creatures or plants. In such a manner, basic kind of tourism creates productive and in addition unhelpful impacts. It is justifiable that human beings try to utilize the assets, but unwise use of resources leads to chaos in future. Tourism is among the world’s most noteworthy productive aspects (regardless of whether on the cost of condition) and connection amongst tourism and condition can be very beneficial if the revenue gets utilized for the preservation programs or ecological manageability.The massive growth in tourism can destroy the regular habitat as its effects on nature are sufficiently broad. Huge number of uncommon species have been in condition of vanishing due to non-tourism irritation which are directly related to tourism. Another negative effect is the consumption of common assets that are now hard to find. waste formation is more typical in case of trekking, shake climbing or climbing voyagers. Tourism advancement is the foremost reason for the adverse effects that tourism has on the common habitat. Various activities of tourism goal destroys the natural adjustment,the levels of effect may shift from one place to another place, however the negative effects of tourism on the earth can’t be ignore. Whether from producing new areas or utilizing traditional areas for various development, some way or another condition is creating challenges to human being itself. It might cover both physical and social angles. As tourism develops, it additionally brings, different types of contamination and waste get expanded in some cases to high levels. Requirement for transportation gets high and number of vehicles delivers various gases in air. Such hurtful effects are significantly brought by poor administration or absence of appropriate protection component set up.SolutionsA worldwide element that is connecting regard for such issue and to satisfy management regarding tourism is European Unions. The EU with its motivation has welcomed the nearby organizations to act. It prescribes the following; promotion of neighbourhood production, offering natural nourishment to districts containing no additives. Reduce of waste junk and detachment of the different classes for the conceivable recycling. Using different advanced tools to purify water for the use of agriculture and water system. Promotion of open transportation and bicycling. Establishment of passerby zones in zones memorable value. The advancement of nearby tourism and help to lessen air timetable of the flights business in this manner decreasing carbon emission. Planning to increase contact between the meeting vacation and the neighbour tenants yet to decrease the development of any tourism expenditure. planning to benefit all the nearby people.References: Mari Hammitt, W. E., Cole, D. N., & Monz, C. A. (2015). Wildland Recreation: Ecology and Management. John Wiley & Sons.on, J.L. (1998). “Recreation Ecology Research Findings: Implications for Wilderness and Park Managers”. Proceedings of the National Outdoor Ethics Conference, April 18–21, 1996, St. Louis, MO. Gaithersburg, MD: Izaak Walton League of America. pp. 188-196.http://traveltips.usatoday.com/positive-negative-effects-tourism-63336.htmlhttps://etravelweek.com/imported/tourism-problems-challenges-and-solhttp://www2.unwto.org/unga-sustainable-tourism-resolutionsutions-problems