Trends of Health and Illness in Different Social Groups Age- Most people in retirement are health and fit. They make valued contributions to society through paid work, volunteer work and by being a good citizen to the society and to their families. However there are higher levels of illness in people over 75. This is because as people grow older their bodies may be unable to function as well as it did, therefore they are unlikely to receive as much exercise and fresh air, also they may be unable to stand up for a long length of time and therefore may not be able to cook.
They then could start eating pre cooked frozen foods. This all leads to an unhealthy lifestyle. Also there are many stresses that come with old age, for example illness worries, financial worries and bereavements of old friends. This can cause many illnesses such as depression and sometime mental illness such as Alzheimer’s. Social class- There is evidence that the standards of health and the length of life expectancy vary according to social class.
Members of a higher social class live longer and are healthier due to the fact that they can afford all the right foods, they can cook meals from scratch using fresh fruit and vegetables and organic produce. They also have money to go to the gym or even buy exercise machines for their house. Also because of their higher class they have a better knowledge of how to live healthily due to the fact that they may have had a better education and been taught the importance of healthy living.
They also have safe comfortable houses with heating and air conditioning t o suit their needs. Whereas people forma lower social class may not have this comfortable living environment as they can’t afford it, there house may have damp, mould, they might not have double glazing so there house is very cold they also might not realise as much how important it is to be healthy, and even if they do understand it they still might not be able to afford the healthy, fit lifestyle that is needed.
Many lower social class families can only afford pre cooked meals and frozen food. They also are more likely to smoke and drink excessively due to stress. Another reason that higher social classes have longer life expectancy is because of the jobs they have, higher social class adults have high paid office jobs that don’t need them to get hands ion and these jobs allow them to provide the best quality of life for their family. Whereas lower social class families have to have more industrial jobs, where they are surrounded by pollution and danger.
It has been worse in the past with lower social class men working in mines but it is still a problem today and a factor in the different trends of health and illness in social groups. Ethnicity- In different ethnic groups there are different health worries. An example of this is children from the Asian sub-continent as majority have a deficiency of vitamin D in the diet this is due to the type of food their culture usually eats. There is also evidence that most minority ethnic groups have shorter life expectancy and higher infant mortality rate.
Another trend of health and illness in different ethnic groups is the complications people have with seeing medical help. Sometime language can be a barrier as they might not understand what is being told to them and are too embarrassed to ask again and translators are in short supply so they are unable to get help in understanding medical instructions. Also there is the factor of religion and belief, an example of this is many Asian women refuse to be seen by a male doctor as in their culture and religion they can’t expose their body to anyone but their husband.
This could cause a problem as an illness could go undetected as an improper analysis has been taken by the doctor as he was unable to look at her whole body. In addition to this there is also the fear of racism many ethnic groups have many awkward request such as religious and cultural rules that must be met and that the medical examiner may not be able to provide this can cause upset and worry and could, if they refuse the treatment offered, could leave them vulnerable to higher levels of ill health.