Upon her return signifier the United States of America where she had been analyzing Wangari Maathai had high hopes for her state. She was determined that despite being a immature state which had been granted independency a few old ages ago it was destined for greater highs. As she was go forthing from the airdrome she was listening to the President address where he was pressing the state to work hard so that the state can thrive and be among the many states in the universe which have some of the strongest economic system.
The president was pressing Kenyan citizen to work hard so that they can crush the three enemies which were steeping the state at that minute. that is poorness. ignorance and diseases. Wangari had been lucky to suppress ignorance. she was coming back with one of the highest accomplishments any adult female in Kenya Would have dreamed of. she was a university alumnus with a maestro grade a rare thing in this state in those times. As she got to her finish she felt like shouting and state the president that she was back to construct her state.
She was back to see her state get the better of all the challenges that were chasing most of the African independent states. She was back to see poorness being a thing of the yesteryear. she was optimistic that her state would be counted among the most comfortable in the continent and the universe at big. she saw a bright hereafter in front where Kenyans would be able to populate comfortably. Where they could afford most of the basic trade goods they needed for their endurance. ( Maathai. W 2007 56 )
Kenyans were besides trusting for a bright hereafter. a state where people would be recognized for their difficult work. topographic point where everybody toiled to see that the state gained its glorification. a topographic point where people would bury about the past and forge in front. Kenya had merely attained independency after old ages of colonisation by the British ; the free Kenyans were described as some of the most optimistic batch in the universe. They were looking frontward to a bright hereafter now that they have the independency and can do their ain independent determination as a state.
Wangari was among the most educated adult females in the state. She was made the caput of a section in one of the most esteemed establishment in Kenya so. The University of Nairobi. it was non a little effort particularly for a adult female it was a great accomplishment. She describes this accomplishment in her book as one of its sort where adult females get liberated from the ironss of inequality that had engulfed African continent at this period. ( Maathai. W 2007 P 65 )
The state leading merely like any other in the African state did non hold the political will to do the dreams of the Kenyan people a world. what they were after was merely to enrich themselves at the disbursal of the bulk Kenyans who were really much determined to emancipate their state from the ironss of poorness and other jobs bring downing the state after independency. They picked up from where the colonialist left. taking for themselves balls of land which had been left by the white colonists while the remainder of the population was left as homesteaders.
Maathai attributes this greed to hold contributed greatly to the environment debasement that has happened in this state for the decennaries. She argues that if there was good administration. every Kenyan would hold plenty to eat and salvage. The state of affairs is different. really few of the Kenyan people can afford electricity therefore they turn to the wood for wood coal and firewood to utilize for as fuel. This means forest devastation is mostly as a consequence of poorness which is so rampant in this state.
Maathai argues that good administration is the key to meaningful environmental protection and direction ( Alon. T 2006 P 257 ) The corrupt trades that were the order of the twenty-four hours did non travel good with Professor Wangari Maathai and many other Kenyans who felt that their dreams had been betrayed. Misamanagement of the economic system coupled with dissentious political relations merely meant day of reckoning for the larger population of Kenya. To the people this is the last thing they expected from the leading they had high hopes with. They expected to be taken to a better life where all will be good.
The freedom that people had fought for was easy being taken by the opinion category. Detention without test was adopted as a method of hushing those who dared speak against evil perpetrated by a government merely out to destruct the state. This is the same thing that was taking topographic point during the colonial times ; freedom combatants were detained for demanding what was truly theirs. Such scenes being repeated in station colonial epoch truly angered the citizens who in a figure of times took to the street to protest against the surpluss of a government.
Their voices were normally deafened by the constabulary force which was known for its ferociousness during such occasions. ( Lihamba. A 2007 145 ) Land as Maathai points out is one of the most hot issue in this state. this partially because the full population of close to thirty five million people rely on agribusiness for endurance. Kenya is mostly an agricultural society where agriculture and farm animal maintaining dominate most of the economic most of the citizens’ economic activities. The land jobs can be traced back to the colonial times.
When the colonists came to this state they displaced the local community taking some of the most fertile lands and go forthing the autochthonal people in colony strategies which were overpopulated. Wangari Maathai brings out a clear image how the local people were moved from their land to pave manner for the white colonists who established plantations and spreads. Her ain household was affected as her male parent was to travel to the Rift vale where he settled and subsequently buried. The locals were forced to work for the Europeans for a meager wage which was merely plenty to pay income revenue enhancement to the colonial authorities.
( Maathai. W 2007 P 45 ) The land issue has continued to split the state long after the colonial authorities was gone. Peoples continue to contend in different parts of the state in issue which are straight related to resources distribution. key to them being the land. This is a job that is profoundly rooted which has its generation from the colonial land division. In the current times as Wangari observes land grabbing has taken root where the leaders and pervert single connive to rob this state of H2O catchments countries and other of import public land.
In this book she clearly narrates how she was a victim when she furiously fought against allotment of one of the woods which have been left in this state. She sacrificed a batch in halting the authorities which is entitled to protect the wood was ditching forest to individual who were good connected. She describes this as a battle for her life. she could non hold stood and see one of the most of import resources near the capital metropolis go down the drains due to the authorities which was merely interested in honoring its buddies at the disbursal of 1000000s of Kenya who relied on this wood for endurance.
( Maathai. W 2007 89 ) This is a conflict she won but she continues to state that it was with a monetary value. some Kenyans died during this battle to salvage the Karura forest where as others were injured or put in prison for contending for what they believed was truly theirs. Maathai observes that with the authorities in power destined to destruct the wood and the environment in general the citizens had a large war to contend. This war was non to take the colonialist from the occupied land of our state but to salvage the hereafter of this state through defying any move by the corrupt government to do our lives trouble.
( Ndegwa. S 1996 p45 ) Tribalism is another issue Maathai points out to hold killed the dreams of the people of Kenya. in this book she accuse the colonial authorities for the function they played in polarising the state. Before their business this state was made up of micro states who co existed side by side. Though they at times crashed amongst themselves they had mechanism where struggles were resolved. ( Press. Roentgen 1999 p105 ) The colonialist made certain that the extended the differences that existed between different societies through labeling folks and giving them stereotypes which have stuck up to this clip.
These stereotypes have merely served as spliting lines making an ambiance of misgiving and intuition among different communities. This is a tendency which has cost this state a batch since as Maathai points out tribal clangs erupts now and so in different parts of the state. ( Maathai. W 2007 p111 ) Politician learnt a great trade from the colonialist. They have continued to play a tribal card particularly during electioneering period so that they can derive support of their communities.
Maathai notes that in every election twelvemonth contending between different cultural groups erupts. these battles a rhenium normally fueled by politicians who feel that the other folk will non vote for them hence the demand to drive them out and warrant triumph for these fleeceable politicians. This is how the Kenyan people hope for a better state was dashed by corrupt authorities made up of greedy work forces and adult females who had no vision for this state. the worst thing is that these same people continue to rule the political scene in this state an indicant that Kenyans will merely go on to woolgather for a better hereafter for their state.
( Maathai. W 2007 123 ) Unbowed has been described as a piece of composing which brings out the life in an African state where people like Wangari Maathai fight really difficult to guarantee good administration and direction of resources endowed by nature. The book has received congratulationss from different corners of the universe including from the former United States president Bill Clinton. If person wants to understand Kenya’s history no other book will offer the best narrative of what this state had gone through right from the colonial times to the recent times. Truly. “Unbowed” by the Nobel Peace monetary value victor. Wangari Maathai is a chef-d’oeuvre.
Maathai. W. Unbowed: A Memoir. Anchor Books ( 2007 ) Ndegwa. S. Two Faces of Civil Society. Kumarian Press ( 1996 ) Lihamba. A. A Woman Writing Africa: The Eastern Region. Feminist Press ( 2007 ) Press. R. New Africa: Dispatchs from a Changing Continent. Betty Press ( 1999 ) Alon. T. Speaking of Earth. Rutger University Press ( 2006 )