Biology is the science of life. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms. There are generally considered to be at least nine “umbrella” fields of biology, each of which consists of multiple subfields. 2. ) What are the branches of Biology? Describe each.Biochemistry: the study of the material substances that make up living things Botany: the study of plants, including agriculture Cellular biology: the study of the basic cellular units of living things Ecology: the duty of how organisms interact with their environment Evolutionary biology: the study of the origins and changes in the diversity of life over time Genetics: the study of heredity Molecular biology: the study of biological molecules Physiology: the study of the functions of organisms and their parts Zoology: the study of animals, including animal behavior 3. ) What is scientific method?List down the steps of scientific method.
When conducting research, scientists observe the scientific method to collect measurable, empirical evidence in an experiment related to a hypothesis (often in the form of an if/then statement), the results aiming to support or contradict a theory. The steps of the scientific method go something like this: Make an observation or observations. Ask questions about the observations and gather information. Form a hypothesis -? a tentative description of what’s been observed, and make predictions based on that hypothesis. Test the hypothesis and predictions in an experiment that can be reproduced.Analyze the data and draw conclusions; accept or reject the hypothesis r modify the hypothesis if necessary.
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Reproduce the experiment until there are no discrepancies between observations and theory. Some key underpinnings to the scientific method: The hypothesis must be testable and falsifiable. Research must involve deductive reasoning, not inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is the process of using true premises to reach a logical true conclusion. An experiment should include a dependent variable (which does not change) and an independent variable (which does change).An experiment should include an experimental group and a control group. The control group is what the experimental group is compared against.
4. ) What is the importance of biology in daily life? The importance of biology in daily life is a significant because we human beings are primarily a living organism. We discover, study, and understand many unique characteristics of human life that are beyond our greatest imagination and comprehension. We become aware of our environment and create a harmonious relationship with our surroundings both with the living and non-living forms. Cause to this there is a what we called the balance to elite