Although differences between communism and capitalist economy – two opposing systems – existed before the start of World War II. dealingss between the United States and USSR deteriorated quickly after the war. The US was so opposed to communism that a policy of containment was developed to forestall communism distributing. In add-on. unfastened ill will. deficiency of apprehension. and consider arousing farther separated the two states. Though the Cold War was a consequence of many factors. the actions of the US played a important portion in weakening dealingss. which finally led to non-cooperation and struggle.
Because the Soviet Union had been invaded three times in the 20th century. security was a premier issue for Stalin. The place of the USSR after World War II was much like France after the First World War: security was needed to forestall such enduring from go oning of all time once more. Unlike France nevertheless. whose purpose was to stultify Germany. the USSR wanted to guarantee security by set uping buffer provinces. The US could non understand this arrested development with security ; America had ne’er been straight at menace from invasion in the war. Therefore. the actions of the USSR were seen as a manner to rule Eastern Europe through the pretense of security
In add-on. communism was seen a menace to the freedoms capitalist economy represented. To forestall the possible world-wide enlargement. the US favoured a policy of containment which was actively seeking to halt communism. One manner was to be steadfast with the Soviet Union. Truman himself was hostile and had a hardline attack. Truman’s soundness with the USSR could be apprehensible. sing he was thrown into a place he was non ready for. he had force per unit area from anti-communist groups. and the US did non desire to reiterate Britain’s error of pacifying Hitler. But there is no alibi for Truman’s arrant discourtesy: Molotov. the Soviet Foreign Minister. said of Truman’s cursing that he had ne’er been spoken to in such a mode. ( I disagree ; Truman’s plausible alibi was that the USSR had ignored and broken understandings made at Yalta ) The US treated the USSR with hostility and disfavor. This attitude towards the Soviet Union resulted in increased non-cooperation between the states.
The US tried to dismay the Soviet Union with the dropping of the 2nd atomic bomb on Japan. Although it was a agency to stop the war. Nagasaki had another ground behind it: the US wanted to frighten the USSR by showing they had ownership of the A-bomb. Likewise. with the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan. though created for certain intents. it was clear to Stalin that they were onslaughts on communism.
Consequently. many US actions were met with a Soviet response. These responses led to deeper divisions and increased non-cooperation between the two states. As a response to the Marshall Plan. Cominform and Comecon were set up. The Warsaw Pact was a response to NATO. while the Berlin Blockade was a response to the West presenting a new German currency. It resulted in the formation of the Federal Democratic Republic and German Democratic Republic. a clear division between the East and West. Of the two states. the United States was more responsible in declining dealingss between East and West. and therefore lending to the beginning of the Cold War.