The United Nations and two definitions for homelessness

My selected social issue for this report is Youth Homelessness. The reason why I have chosen this is because, not only do I want to learn and understand more about the struggle and surviving on the streets, but also because I believe in fundamental rights for all human being. A sense of belonging, mastery, independence and generosity is the root of life to live full of potential. Being homeless takes these benefit away. This essay will focus on the risk factors, impacts and strategies applied when working with young homeless people. The United Nations has two definitions for homelessness and they are defined as Primary homelessness.

This category includes persons living in the streets without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters; Secondary homelessness. This category may include persons with no place of usual residence who move frequently between various types of accommodations’. Many of the young people living on the street would be under these circumstances. Therefore these young people are exposed to inadequate shelter, food, sleep and water which are the most essential to life. The OASIS Youth Refuge says that ‘32,000 homeless young

Australians can’t find their way off the streets’ meaning that there are many teenagers across Australia are homeless every night on the streets. Living on the street can be a disadvantage to life of opportunities such as; not attending school which takes away the connection and relationship with friends and school community. Difficulty to get a Job, without a Job leads to lack of funds which struggling with enough to eat leading to constant hunger. There is no place to call your own which can affect your sense of belonging such as missing a stable injection to a network of friends, family and the community.

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Mental, emotional and physical health is also affected such as lack of hygiene, lack motivation to keep healthy, loneliness and depression. Loss of purpose in life leads to sense of hopelessness which would affect self pride. The Circle of Courage is a model of youth empowerment. The model covers the four core values; belonging, mastery, independence and generosity of an environment that promotes courage to promote changes to meet the needs of a young person, society and afterward reclaim youth at risk in this care homelessness.

The model is sacred and suggests the interconnectedness of life. As a homeless young person, there are stories within them to have ended up on the streets. Some were neglected by parent’s, abused, tortured or grew up in a rough family; these affects them and leaves a deep scar in the heart due to early memories. We all have a critical need to feel noticed, valued and protected by others to feel a sense of belonging. Without it, young people may Join or identify with negative groups that promote crimes, religious hatred and disregard the rights of other.

If a young person’s belonging needs are met hey will be respectful, happy, confident, trusting and friendly. Mastery refers to young people needing to become capable and responsible citizens, to take pride into competence in areas of strength, willingness to undertake the learning of new skills be independence because they have a well developed sense of autonomy, and accept responsibility for themselves and their action. To help without the expectation of paybacks, being empathetic towards others and wanting to help would be generosity because they are giving themselves their possessions in various ways.

Strategies hat could be applied when working with young homeless people is; firstly be a dedicated workers who will spend time forming relationship and doing the best they can to look out for young homeless people. Having a good knowledge on different networks and services will mean you are open to more facilities to refer them to whatever their needs may be. Referral is a good strategy to advocate for a young person to other services because you are able to help them to access emergency and longer term accommodation, or to reconcile with their families.

Some young people could be supported through detect or rehabilitation. Just providing them with basic material aid to get them through the next couple of nights of sleeping rough – sleeping bags, blankets, socks and toiletries can a good strategy. With crisis accommodation being such a long process and possibly already full to overflowing, some young people have no other option than to sleep in abandoned places, streets, parks and many other places. In this society people Judge you when they don’t even know you. Everyone has a story, even homeless young people.

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